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Unformatted text preview: a crime. The motive may be induced by either
internal or external conditions. A person may be driven by the excitement, challenge,
and adrenaline rush of committing a crime, which would be an internal condition.
Examples of external conditions might include financial trouble, a sick family member,
or other dire straits. Understanding the motive for a crime is an important piece in figuring out who would engage in such an activity. For example, many hackers attack bigname sites because when the sites go down, it is splashed all over the news. However,
once technology advances to the point where attacks cannot bring down these sites, or
once these activities are no longer so highly publicized, the individuals will eventually
stop initiating these types of attacks because their motive will have been diminished.
Opportunity is the “where” and “when” of a crime. Opportunities usually arise when
certain vulnerabilities or weaknesses are present. If a company does not have a firewall,
hackers and attackers have all types of opportunities within that network. If a company
does not perform access control, auditing, and supervision, employees may have many
opportunities to embezzle funds and defraud the company. Once a crime fighter finds ch10.indd
ch10.indd 889 12/4/2009 11:39:11 AM All-in-1 / CISSP All-in-One Exam Guide, 5th Ed. / Harris / 160217-8 CISSP All-in-One Exam Guide 890
out why a person would want to commit a crime (motive), she will look at what could
allow the criminal to be successful (opportunity).
Means pertains to the abilities a criminal would need to be successful. Suppose a
crime fighter was asked to investigate a complex embezzlement that took place within
a financial institution. If the suspects were three people who knew how to use a mouse,
keyboard, and a word processing application, but only one of them was a programmer
and system analyst, the crime fighter would realize that this person may have the means
to commit this crime much more successfully than t...
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