S federal antihacking statute it prohibits seven

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Unformatted text preview: o be trained on information security issues, and that implemented security measures must be fully tested. It also requires these institutions to have a written security policy in place. ch10.indd 868 12/4/2009 11:39:08 AM All-in-1 / CISSP All-in-One Exam Guide, 5th Ed. / Harris / 160217-8 Chapter 10: Legal, Regulations, Compliance, and Investigations 869 The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, written in 1986 and amended in 1996, is the primary U.S. federal antihacking statute. It prohibits seven forms of activity and makes them federal crimes: • The knowing access of computers of the federal government to obtain classified information without authorization or in excess of authorization • The intentional access of a computer to obtain information from a financial institution, the federal government, or any protected computer involved in interstate or foreign communications without authorization or through the use of excess of authorization • The intentional and unauthorized access of computers of the federal government, or computers used by or for the government when the access affects the government’s use of that computer • The knowing access of a protected computer without authorization or in excess of authorization with the intent to defraud • Knowingly causing the transmission of a program, information, code, or command and, as a result of such conduct, intentionally causing damage without authorization to a protected computer • The knowing trafficking of computer passwords with the intent to defraud • The transmission of communications containing threats to cause damage to a protected computer These acts range from felonies to misdemeanors with corresponding small to large fines and jail sentences. The Federal Privacy Act of 1974 In the mid-1960s, a proposal was made that the U.S. government compile and collectively hold in a main federal data bank each individual’s information pertaining to the Social Security Administration, the Census Bureau,...
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