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[Group 11] Japan's overcoming severe pollution in the period of 1950s-1970s and experiences for V

[Group 11] Japan's overcoming severe pollution in the period of 1950s-1970s and experiences for V

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Japan’s overcoming severe pollution in the period of 1950s-1970s: Experiences for Vietnam Tr n H i Anh - Lê Th Thanh Loan - Ph m Cao Minh - Chu Vi t Nga - Nguy n H i Quang Foreign Trade University - Faculty of Economics and International Business 1
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Ha Noi, 2013 CONTENTS 2
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I. ABSTRACT From a country heavily suffered from war, with GDP equaled to that of Ethiopia and African countries in the 1940s, in 10 years’ time, with a proper renovations program and America’s support, Japan dramatically changed, became a developed industrial countries. However, if we just view things from this perspective, it is like taking into consideration only revenue and assume that the higher revenue we have the richer we are. The cost Japan had to pay for this transformation was huge. After a long time of developing heavy industries as well as chemical industries without any protecting measures, pollution was a definite outcome. The pollution not only affected Japanese people’s physical health but also mental, with the most severe consequence: Minamata disease. Chisso Company dumped toxic into river and made people surrounding that area suffer from a horrible disesea. The group found this case similar with recent Vedan and Thi Vai River case so we reseached both of them and put them into comparison. Later on, we preseted some of Japanese government’s measirues to cope up with pollution. These measures mostly are creating a strict regulation and law system to bend the situation to wanted result. However, they could never be successful without Japanese people’s awareness and determination. Finally, apart from describing what Japan experienced, how the country overcame it, and the efforts being made by governments and authotities to alert other countries not to go in the same path, we made our own evaluation and draw out some lessons for Vietnam. 3
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II. INTRODUCTION Since when do human start to have their worry about the environment? And becoming afraid of taking any thing, consume any products from the environment. The word “environment” here refers to the most general concept, it includes the interaraction of all living species and non-living species. When did people begin to isolate themselves from the close and tight connection with the environment? Moreover, human being is getting used to the word pollution. They live with it, inside it, they can find it in the air, on the ground, in their food, in the water that they drink, even inside their bodies. In the first part of the eassay, our group do not have much space to carefully define and analyze the seriousness of the situation, however, let’s just come to an agreement that : we absolutely do not want this but blindly create the case. Coming back to the question on top, through empricial evidence and researchs, it seems that: The higher the level of development, the more severe the pollution becomes. One stand out example of the statement is Japan during its prime economic time from the 1950s to 1970s. It took just a decade for Japan to completely change, and caught up with developed Western countries. Nevertheless, this dramatically fast
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