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Chapter 1 - Solution Manual

Chapter 1 - Solution Manual - CHAPTER 1 Case l-1 a The FASB...

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6 CHAPTER 1 Case l-1 a. The FASB had three primary goals in developing the Codification: 1. Simplify user access by codifying all authoritative US GAAP in one spot. 2. Ensure that the codified content accurately represented authoritative US GAAP as of July1, 2009. 3. Create a codification research system that is up to date for the released results of standard-setting activity . b. The Codification is expected to improve accounting practice by: 1. Reducing the amount of time and effort required to solve an accounting research issue 2. Mitigating the risk of noncompliance through improved usability of the literature 3. Provide accurate information with real-time updates as Accounting Standards Updates are released 4. Assisting the FASB with the research and convergence efforts. c. The FASB ASC is composed of the following literature issued by various standard setters: 1. Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) a. Statements (FAS) b. Interpretations (FIN) c. Technical Bulletins (FTB) d. Staff Positions (FSP) e. Staff Implementation Guides (Q&A) f. Statement No. 138 Examples. 2. Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) a. Abstracts b. Topic D. 3. Derivative Implementation Group (DIG) Issues 4. Accounting Principles Board (APB) Opinions 5. Accounting Research Bulletins (ARB) 6. Accounting Interpretations (AIN) 7. American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) a. Statements of Position (SOP) b. Audit and Accounting Guides (AAG)—only incremental accounting guidance c. Practice Bulletins (PB), including the Notices to Practitioners elevated to Practice Bulletin status by Practice Bulletin 1 d. Technical Inquiry Service (TIS)—only for Software Revenue Recognition Additionally, in an effort to increase the utility of the FASB ASC for public companies, relevant portions of authoritative content issued by the SEC and selected SEC staff interpretations and administrative guidance have been included for reference in the Codification, such as: 1. Regulation S-X (SX) 2. Financial Reporting Releases (FRR)/Accounting Series Releases (ASR) 3. Interpretive Releases (IR)
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7 4. SEC Staff guidance in: a. Staff Accounting Bulletins (SAB) b. EITF Topic D and SEC Staff Observer co mments d. The FASB ASC contains all current authoritative accounting literature. However, if the guidance for a particular transaction or event is not specified within it, the first source to consider is accounting principles for similar transactions or events within a source of authoritative GAAP. If no similar transactions are discovered, nonauthoritative guidance from other sources may be considered. Accounting and financial reporting practices not included in the Codification are nonauthoritative. Sources of nonauthoritative accounting guidance and literature include, for example, the following: i. Practices that are widely recognized and prevalent either generally or in the industry ii. FASB Concepts Statements iii. American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) Issues Papers iv. International Financial Reporting Standards of the International Accounting Standards Board
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