SOC0005_Week03

SOC0005_Week03 - SOC 0005 Week 3 Turner Chapter 20 and...

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Page 1 BABONES 2006 SOC 0005 - Week 3 Turner Chapter 20 and Husain Reading Salvatore J. Babones Department of Sociology University of Pittsburgh Copyright 2007
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Page 2 BABONES 2006 Turner Chapter 20 - Religion
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Page 3 BABONES 2006 RELIGION IS A MAJOR ELEMENT OF CULTURE IN ALL SOCIETIES • RELIGIOUS VALUES are conceptions of what is right/wrong and what should exist/occur, and are accepted on supernatural authority RELIGIOUS BELIEFS are conceptions about the division of the world into the SACRED and the PROFANE and about the nature of the SUPERNATURAL • RELIGIOUS RITUALS are normative behaviors that fulfil supernatural demands
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Page 4 BABONES 2006 FUNCTIONALIST AND CONFLICT THEORIES OF RELIGION DIFFER IN CONCEPTUALIZING THE ROLE OF RELIGION IN SOCIETY • FUNCTIONALIST theorists see religion contributing to SOCIAL INTEGRATION Religion reinforces pro-social norms (such as neighborliness) – Religion reduces anxiety (gives meaning to life) DURKHEIM early on suggested that religion fought ALIENATION in modern life • CONFLICT theorists see religion as a tool of SOCIAL CONTROL – Religion generally legitimizes the existing social order – Religion promotes complacency by promising rewards in a future world – MARX famously called religion “the opiate of the masses”
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Page 5 BABONES 2006 CHRISTIANITY AND ISLAM ARE THE WORLD’S DOMINANT RELIGIONS
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BABONES 2006 CHRISTIANITY AND ISLAM ARE THE WORLD’S DOMINANT RELIGIONS
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SOC0005_Week03 - SOC 0005 Week 3 Turner Chapter 20 and...

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