SOC0005_Week10

SOC0005_Week10 - SOC 0005 - Week 10 Turner Chapter 22 &...

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Page 1 SOC 0005 - Week 10 Salvatore J. Babones Department of Sociology University of Pittsburgh Copyright 2007
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Page 2 Turner Chapter 22 - Social Movements
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Page 3 A SOCIAL MOVEMENT IS A BROAD COLLECTION OF INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS WORKING TOGETHER TO EFFECT CHANGE • A SOCIAL MOVEMENT is difficult to define because social movements include organizations, individuals, and in some ways entire populations People involved in a social movement may or may not be members of an organization – People involved in a social movement generally share a similar set of values SOCIAL MOVEMENT ORGANIZATIONS play coordinating roles in social movements, but do not actually employ or direct most of the participants Social movements in US history have fought for and won many of the major rights we enjoy as Americans today – The American Revolution was technically more of a social movement than a “revolution” – Most of our Constitutional Amendments resulted from the efforts of social movements
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Page 4 MAJOR SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN US HISTORY HAVE FOUGHT FOR MANY OF THE RIGHTS WE ENJOY TODAY (there are many others not listed below) • ABOLITIONIST MOVEMENT WOMEN’S RIGHTS MOVEMENTS (several) UNION MOVEMENT • GRANGE MOVEMENT • CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT • ANTI-WAR MOVEMENT
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Page 5 MANY AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION RESULTED DIRECTLY FROM THE EFFORTS OF SOCIAL MOVEMENTS • 13th (1865) -- abolition of slavery 14th (1868) -- guarantees equal rights for citizens in all states 15th (1870) -- guarantees right to vote regardless of race 16th (1913) -- allows taxes on income 17th (1913) -- specifies direct election of Senators • 18th (1919) -- prohibits alcohol • 19th (1920) -- guarantees right to vote regardless of sex • 21st (1933) -- repeals 19th amendment • 23rd (1961) -- grants presidential voting rights to District of Columbia • 24th (1964) -- prohibits poll taxes • 26th (1971) -- lowers the voting age to 18
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Page 6 THE ABOLITIONIST MOVEMENT FOUGHT FOR THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR • Pittsburgh’s Hill District was a major stop on the UNDERGROUND RAILROAD helping American slaves escape to Canada Tens of thousands of slaves were helped to escape – This represents only a small portion of the slaves held in America (almost 4 million) The American Anti-Slavery Society represented mainstream white GRADUALIST opinion on the abolition of slavery Most Southern whites supported slavery; most Northern whites accepted it – The Underground Railroad and other active groups were mainly run by free blacks In 1859 JOHN BROWN attempted to organize a slave revolt in Virginia and briefly seized control of Harper’s Ferry (now West Virginia), but the revolt failed
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Page 7 THERE HAVE BEEN AT LEAST THREE DISTINCT WOMEN’S RIGHTS MOVEMENTS IN US HISTORY • SENECA FALLS MOVEMENT In 1848 ELIZABETH CADY STANTON and other feminists met in Seneca Falls, NY, to draft a declaration demanding equal rights for women
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SOC0005_Week10 - SOC 0005 - Week 10 Turner Chapter 22 &...

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