SOC0005_Week11

SOC0005_Week11 - SOC 0005 - Week 11 Turner Chapter 23 &...

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Page 1 SOC 0005 - Week 11 Turner Chapter 23 & Burnham Reading Salvatore J. Babones Department of Sociology University of Pittsburgh Copyright 2007
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Page 2 Turner Chapter 23 - Revolution, War, and Terrorism
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Page 3 COLLECTIVE VIOLENCE INVOLVES INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE ORGANIZED TO COMMIT VIOLENT ACTS AGAINST OTHERS • A REVOLUTION is a mass uprising of people who use violence to overthrow the existing government and install a new government A CIVIL WAR is the mass mobilization of two or more segments of the population of a single society to fight against each other A WAR is the mass mobilization of the populations of two or more societies to fight against each other • TERRORISM is the use of violence by members of the population of one society against members of the population of the same or a different society
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Page 4 AT ANY ONE TIME DOZENS OF ARMED CONFLICTS OF ALL TYPES ARE GOING ON IN THE WORLD (MAP FROM IISS)
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Page 5 REVOLUTIONS OCCUR WHEN WHEN THERE IS HIGH INEQUALITY AND LOW SOCIAL MOBILITY • Italian sociologist and economist Vilfredo Pareto (1848 - 1923) developed a theory of revolution based on the “Circulation of the Elites” When social, political, and economic elites admitted talented new members from below, they CO-OPTED them into the elite When talented people from lower social classes, status groups, or parties were not allowed to rise, they may lead revolutions – Pareto’s theory of revolutions corresponds closely to Max Weber’s theory of class conflict Russian-American sociologist Pitirim Sorokin (1889 - 1968) refined Pareto’s ideas to account for forces of social control – Almost any level of deprivation can be maintained when leaders resort to extreme methods of coercive power – Based on his study of the Russian Revolution, Sorokin hypothesized that political coercion could be effective until basic human needs were no longer being met
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Page 6 REVOLUTIONS OCCUR WHEN WHEN THERE IS HIGH INEQUALITY AND LOW SOCIAL MOBILITY NO REVOLUTION Political Elite Lower Classes Luxuries | Adequate living Absolute deprivation REVOLUTION Political Elite Lower Classes
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Page 7 TURNER INCORPORATES WEVER, PARETO, SOROKIN, AND OTHERS INTO A MORE SYMBOLIC APPROACH TO THE THEORY OF REVOLUTIONS • Deprived members of society must be able to communicate They must have an ideology that articulates their grievances
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SOC0005_Week11 - SOC 0005 - Week 11 Turner Chapter 23 &...

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