Chapter_11 (1).pdf - The French Revolution and Napoleon...

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326 Key Events As you read this chapter, look for the key events of the French Revolution and French Empire. • The fall of the Bastille marked the beginning of the French Revolution. • The Committee of Public Safety began the Reign of Terror. • Napoleon Bonaparte created the French Empire. • Allied forces defeated Napoleon at Waterloo. The Impact Today The events that occurred during this time period still impact our lives today. • The French Revolution became the model for revolution in the modern world. • The power of nationalism was first experienced during the French Revolution, and it is still powerful in existing nations and emerging nations today. • The French Revolution spread the principles of liberty and equality, which are held dear by many nations and individuals today. World History—Modern Times Video The Chapter 11 video, “Napoleon,” chronicles the rise and fall of Napoleon Bonaparte. 1790 1792 1794 1796 1798 1800 1799 Napoleon participates in coup d’état that topples French government 1789 French Revolution begins 1791 Olympe de Gouges writes declaration of rights for women 1792 National Convention establishes French Republic 1793 King Louis XVI is executed 1795 The Directory is formed The French Revolution and Napoleon 1789–1815 Olympe de Gouges Louis XVI
1802 1804 1806 1808 1810 1812 1804 Napoleon is crowned Emperor 1815 Duke of Wellington and his army defeat Napoleon at Waterloo HISTORY Chapter Overview Visit the Glencoe World History—Modern Times Web site at and click on Chapter 11– Chapter Overview to preview chapter information. wh.mt.glencoe.com Napoleon Crossing the Great St. Bernard by Jacques-Louis David David was the leading artist of the French Revolution. Napoleon Duke of Wellington 1801 Napoleon reaches agreement with the pope 1802 Napoleon made consul for life 1805 British defeat French and Spanish at Trafalgar 1812 Napoleon invades Russia 327
328 Fall of the Bastille n the morning of July 14, 1789, a Parisian mob of some eight thousand men and women in search of weapons streamed toward the Bastille, a royal armory filled with arms and ammunition. The Bastille was also a state prison. Although it contained only seven prisoners at the time, in the eyes of those angry Parisians it was a glaring symbol of the government’s harsh policies. The armory was defended by the Marquis de Launay and a small garrison of 114 men. The assault began at one o’clock in the afternoon when a group of attackers managed to lower two drawbridges over the moat surrounding the fortress. The mob was joined by mem- bers of the French Guard, who began to bombard the fortress with cannon balls. After four hours of fighting, 98 attackers lay dead or dying. Only one defender had been killed. As more attackers arrived, de Launay realized that he and his troops could not hold out much longer and surrendered.

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