{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Ancient Ghana Presentation

Saharan berber nomads original inhabitants partgme

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: to the early formaGon of the Ghanaian state. •  The Ghanaian state grew powerful and its rulers grew rich on the strength of the trans ­Saharan trade, making it seem that trade was a major factor in the growth of the state from the beginning. Saharan Berber Nomads •  Original inhabitants •  Part ­Gme traders (Sanhaja, Tuareg) •  Survived by raising caFle and harvesGng crops •  Wore veils that were used to protect them from the rough climate of the desert •  Dominated Saharan oases •  The Soninke people eventually took over the region People of Ancient Ghana •  The Soninke: principal inhabitants –  Ancestors of the original Ghanaians that may have descended from Neolithic fishermen –  Acted as “middlemen” in the process of trading Saharan salt to gold ­producers –  The Soninke were in contact with the Saharan nomads –  Known for trading gold, but many people remained farmers, fishermen, and herdsmen Language of Ancient Ghana •  Soninke was the primary language spoken in Ghana –  A division of the Mande language –  Major language of the Niger ­Congo group Poli2cal Structure •  Originally: simple, small, village ­like structure •  Later: formed into larger chiefdoms •  Ghanaian state grew powerful and wealthy through Trans ­Saharan trade •  Al ­Fazari (an Arab geographer) said “the territory of Ghana, land of gold” ….con2nued •  Kumbi ­Saleh: (11th century) capital of Ghana •  Consisted of two towns:  ­Islamic town  ­King’s royal town •  King taxed on...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online