Ancient Ghana Presentation

Saharan berber nomads original inhabitants partgme

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Unformatted text preview: to the early formaGon of the Ghanaian state. •  The Ghanaian state grew powerful and its rulers grew rich on the strength of the trans ­Saharan trade, making it seem that trade was a major factor in the growth of the state from the beginning. Saharan Berber Nomads •  Original inhabitants •  Part ­Gme traders (Sanhaja, Tuareg) •  Survived by raising caFle and harvesGng crops •  Wore veils that were used to protect them from the rough climate of the desert •  Dominated Saharan oases •  The Soninke people eventually took over the region People of Ancient Ghana •  The Soninke: principal inhabitants –  Ancestors of the original Ghanaians that may have descended from Neolithic fishermen –  Acted as “middlemen” in the process of trading Saharan salt to gold ­producers –  The Soninke were in contact with the Saharan nomads –  Known for trading gold, but many people remained farmers, fishermen, and herdsmen Language of Ancient Ghana •  Soninke was the primary language spoken in Ghana –  A division of the Mande language –  Major language of the Niger ­Congo group Poli2cal Structure •  Originally: simple, small, village ­like structure •  Later: formed into larger chiefdoms •  Ghanaian state grew powerful and wealthy through Trans ­Saharan trade •  Al ­Fazari (an Arab geographer) said “the territory of Ghana, land of gold” ….con2nued •  Kumbi ­Saleh: (11th century) capital of Ghana •  Consisted of two towns:  ­Islamic town  ­King’s royal town •  King taxed on...
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