Ancient Ghana Presentation

Available less risky to trade across the desert trade

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Unformatted text preview: gold and all the profits went to his kingdom •  King had over the outlying districts of his kingdom ….con2nued •  Local hereditary chiefs controlled outlying districts •  No regular standing army  ­ all young men were sent for military service when needed Archaeological site of Kumbi ­Saleh Economic Ac2vity CONTRIBUTIONS: INTRODUCTION OF THE CAMEL •  •  •  •  •  300  ­ 400 CE Adapted to the climate Carried as much as a pack ­oxen (130 kg) Able to maintain steady pace for long distances •  25 – 30 km/day Able to travel up to 10 days without water Effects OF THE CAMEL ON TRADE •  Able to reach further distances •  New routes available •  Less risky to trade across the desert •  Trade businesses expanded •  Development of trading seFlements Gold Traders •  "Middlemen“ (as menGoned earlier) •  Ghana was located between Bambuk (gold) and Taghaza (salt) •  Surplus grain was traded for salt from Taghaza. That salt was later traded for gold from Bambuk. The gold was then claimed by elite or traded to Arab traders. Cultural Prac2ces •  The non ­Islamic people of sub ­Saharan Africa were not literate during this Gme so there were no original wri]en records from the Ancient Ghana people themselves –  Historians go off of Arabic records from people who traveled to or passed through Ancient Ghana •  Islam spread with the trade increase and trading with Islam countries: it is believed that people of Ghana converted to Islam in 1050 BCE Culture con2nued… •  Only the king and his heirs were allowed to wear tailored garments •  The rest of the people wore wraps made of coFon, silk, or brocade •  Women shaved their heads and men shaved their beards •  Ancient Ghana was extremely wealthy from the gold trade– dogs wore...
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