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LIBERTY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF DIVINITYPaper 1: John CalvinSubmitted to Dr. Jeffrey Mayfield, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the completion ofCHHI 300-D04Survey of the History of ChristianitybyJearme OusleyNovember 16, 2020
1IntroductionJohn Calvin spent his live is pursuit of God and communicating theology that is still relevant and debated today. As a Roman Catholic, John Calvin underwent a personal realization while pursuing religious studies in Paris that led to rejection of the Catholic Church in favor of the Protestant faith that was become widespread throughout the region. This shift also led to Calvin becoming an influential leader in the reformation movement of the church. BiographyBorn to Gerard Cauvin and Jean Lefranc in 1509, John was the second of seven children.1Gerard, his father, came from a family of dock workers but moved to Noyon Switzerland where he became a successful lawyer and an employee of the local Cathedral where he looked after the financial matters of the church. Although Gerard would have a falling out with the church and beexcommunicated, his position in the church along with social status would ensure advantages forhis family that would pay dividends in John’s education.2Although John’s mother died while he was young, her influence can be seen throughout his life. John remembered his mother as being adevout woman who devoted herself to her children.Calvin went to Paris France at the age of fourteen to study at the College de Marche. While there his studies consisted of preparatory courses in grammar, rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and music. Calvin transferred to College Montaigu in 1523 to further his education.3It was during the next few years of study in preparation to become a priest that 1Herman J. Selderhuis, JohnCalvin: a pilgrim's life. InterVarsity Press, 2009, 10. 2 Philip Schaff, Historyof the Christian Church, Volume VIII: Modern Christianity. The Swiss Reformation. CCEL, 1950.3 Karin Maag, “John Calvin: The man behind the Name.” , Calvin University. (accessed November 9,2020)
2Calvin developed relationships that challenged his traditional religious beliefs that led to Calvin rejecting the Catholic church in favor of the Protestant movement. After completion of his master’s degree, at the request of his father, Calvin studied law at Orleans where he completed his doctorate in law prior to 1532.