Socl ch 1

Socl ch 1 - Part 1 The Sociological Perspective Chapter 1 What is Sociology I What is Sociology the scientific study of societies and human social

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Chapter 1: What is Sociology? I. What is Sociology? –the scientific study of societies and human social behavior A. The Sociological Perspective –emphasizes the powerful role that group membership and social forces play in shaping behavior 1. The Diversity of Social Reality 2. Cross-Culture and Global Perspectives a. Peter Berger b. C. Wright Mills i. Sociological imagination –the ability to understand the relationship b/w what is happening in people’s personal lives and the social forces that surround them. ii. Empowerment –assists people in taking control of their own circumstances and lives. B. Sociology as a Science 1. Science –a method of obtaining objective and systematic knowledge through observation. a. Science is empirical –based on observation b. Science is systematic –it follows methodical and generally accepted procedures i. Replication –helps to prevent unreliable or selective interpretations by determining whether other scientists reach the same conclusion using the same procedures c. Science focuses on causation –scientists assume that all events are caused, or determined by something else. d. Science is provisional –The results of scientific investigations are considered tentative, and they are always open to question and possible repudiation. e. Science is objective –Scientists strive to prevent their personal values from affecting their investigations. C. The Social Sciences –the disciplines that use the scientific method to study human behavior, groups, and society. 1. Anthropology –the social science most similar to sociology, is the study of the cultures, customs, origins, evolution, and physical characteristics of human beings. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PETE 2001 taught by Professor Thurber during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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Socl ch 1 - Part 1 The Sociological Perspective Chapter 1 What is Sociology I What is Sociology the scientific study of societies and human social

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