Poli Sci Review _'(.pdf - 1 What is Dillon\u2019s Rule Dillion\u2019s rule recognizes the senior sovereignty of a state government and holds that subordinate

Poli Sci Review _'(.pdf - 1 What is Dillonu2019s Rule...

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1. What is Dillon’s Rule? - Dillion’s rule recognizes the senior sovereignty of a state government and holds that subordinate government unit which the states create, such as cities and counties, have only the powers expressly granted by the state plus only the powers necessary to carry out those express grants. 2. Describe the history and function of county government in Texas. - The Texas county system is rooted in the French system. Because Texas is so big, the state wanted to keep the local governments small. By having the smaller sized counties (all within a day’s travel) the local government is able to address the needs of the people in that particular county. 3. What role do property taxes play in Texas? - Property taxes are local taxes that provide a large source of money that is used to pay for schools, streets, roads, police, fire protection, and much more. If a handful of people are exempt from the property tax, then the officials will have to deal with all sorts of “special cases” that they will have to take into consideration. This also helps prevent that property tax going up with fewer people paying for it and potentially not being able to afford it anymore. 4. What is the difference between home rule and general law cities? - The main distinction between the two general la2 cities can only do what the legislature tells them to fo, Home Rule law can make their own rules and pass them anytime they want to unless the state law prohibits them. Also, the home rule can be used on a national level, via the senate or the house whereas the general law can only be used on a local level. 5. What are the forms of city government? - The charter also details the formation of the municipal government of which there are historically five-forms:council-manager, mayor-council, commission, town meeting, and representative town meetings. The council-manager oversees the general administration, makes policy, and sets the budget. The mayor is elected separately fro the council and is often full-time and paid with significant administrative and budgetary authority. The commission is voters electing individual commissioners to a small governing board. Each commissioner is responsible for one specific aspect such as fire, police, public work, health finances. Finally, the town meetings are when all voters meet to decide basic policy and elect officials to carry out those policies. 6. Describe the types of city elections. - There are presidential, midterm, and off-year elections. Presidential elections are held every four years ( one presidential term) and the electoral college decides who wins the election as well as the VP. Both are elected and chosen by members of this electoral college, who are chosen through the popular vote in each state, and the candidate must receive a majority vote. The midterm elections refer to a type of election where the people can elect their representatives and other subnational officer holders in the middle of the term of the executive. An off-year

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