managing-budgets

For example imagine you operate a retail

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Unformatted text preview: your budget for the month called for $1,000 in marketing but you spent $1,500, you will need to adjust the accounts in some format in order to accommodate that extra $500 spent. But the accounts are also adjusted for other transactions. So, every time you make a sale, the inventory of that item or items decreases and the amount of your cash increases. Various ledgers and journals are used to track these changes. Those ledgers and journals are then used to create the financial statements listed above. While these changes are not reflected in the budget, they do affect the budget because you might need to make adjustments to where your funds are allocated. Accounting has one very fundamental equation: Please click the advert Total Assets = Total Liabilities + Equity Download free ebooks at bookboon.com 17 Financial Information Related to the Budget Managing Budgets In other words, what the company has in value is the difference between what they own and what they owe. It works the same for you as an individual. Your net worth is the total of your assets minus any debt that you owe. For a business, there are usually just more assets and liabilities to calculate. To see this more easily, just rewrite the equation as: Equity = Total Assets – Total Liabilities In either version of the equation, what will happen when a transaction occurs? At least two of the factors will change for any transaction. So, for example, if your equity increases, your assets must have increased or your liabilities must have decreased – or both. Accounting is the process of tracking all of these changes in the financial equation. The accountant or bookkeeper must then be able to record the information and report the information in ways that are helpful for those that are making decisions about the operations and direction of the organization. In one view, you could say that the budget is a prediction of how the sum total of these changes will occur over the budget year, and the financial reports you create during the year tell you how on-target your predictions were. In one view, you could say that the budget is a prediction of how the sum t...
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This note was uploaded on 06/07/2013 for the course BA 201 taught by Professor Cuongvu during the Fall '13 term at RMIT Vietnam.

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