Unformatted text preview: there are several theories regarding how a person’s self-confidence
is important to their well-being and their ability to function in the world at their fullest potential. If you
want to truly manage your career, having self-confidence is a prerequisite. You need confidence not only
to take on the new challenges that managing your career will bring, but also to believe in the fact that you
can have an influence over how your career progresses. 5.2 Self-Confidence
Self-confidence can be boiled down to the belief that a person has it in their ability to succeed at a task,
based on whether or not they have been able to perform the task in the past. However, there are actually
two aspects of self-confidence. The first is competence, whether or not you have the necessary skills and
abilities to complete a task. The second is self-assurance and whether or not you believe that you have the
ability to complete the task.
Think about this for a moment; you might have been trained in interview skills, but you might not feel
comfortable in interviews. In this case you would have the competence but lack the self-assurance. On the
other hand, you could believe that you have the ability to do something but not have the skills to actually
carry it through. In this case you are very self-assured, but you don’t have the competence to do the job.
True self-confidence occurs when both competence and self-assurance are in balance with each other.
Self-confidence has been shown to be important in recovery from injury, overcoming setbacks, and
moving through negative experiences in life. Someone with self-confidence has a belief that they will be
able to recover, move past the negative, and again experience the positive. In the business world, selfconfidence functions in much the same way. It enables an employee to recover from setbacks and
challenges and continue to move forward. Download free ebooks at bookboon.com
34 Personal Confidence Managing Your Career 5.3 Self-Esteem
Self-esteem is the capacity to respect and think well of yourself. It means that you appreciate yourself as a
unique individual with your own set of skills, talents, and abilities. David Burns defines self-esteem as
“the capacity to experience maximal self-love and joy whether or not you are successful at any point in
Psychologist Maxine Elliott has researched self-esteem and realized that people’s self-esteem will vary
from individual to individual when they are facing a setback. People who have a high level of self-esteem
will be able to respond to a damaging event by using their past experience and their coping abilities and
will not have much damage to their current level of self-esteem. They will still see themselves as valuable
and talented even if the current evidence seems to indicate otherwise.
However, most people will experience some loss of self-esteem when they face a negative situation and
unfortunately, those who already have low self-esteem will also experience the largest reduction in what
little self-esteem they have. In other words, they will see their failure as further proof that they are
incapable of being successful. This type of negative cycle will perpetuate itself each time that a person
with low self-esteem faces failure, criticism, or roadblocks. 5.4 Self-Efficacy
Albert Bandura is considered an expert on the concept of self-efficacy. He stated that people perceive their
own self-efficacy as “people’s judgments of their capabilities to organize and execute courses of action
required to attain designated types of performances. It is concerned not with the skills one has but with the
judgments of what one can do with whatever skills one possesses.” In other words, self-efficacy is an
individual’s evaluation of their own ability to be successful in attaining a specific goal.
Bandura stated that the amount of self-efficacy a person has is dependent on their ability to apply coping
behaviors, increase their level of effort, and how long they will be able to retain their optimism when
facing difficult obstacles and experiences. In addition, he stated that the more a person is tested by facing
their fears and stepping outside of their comfort zones, the more they will enhance their sense of selfefficacy.
If a person does not have a base level of self-efficacy, they will be unwilling to attempt a new task or
challenge, which could of course hold them back in the workplace. The greater your self-efficacy, the
more willing you will be to grow your skills by attempting new challenges –and the less you will be
affected if you don’t succeed. Download free ebooks at bookboon.com
35 Personal Confidence Managing Your Career 5.4.1 Sources of Self-Efficacy
There are four main sources that allow people to build their self-efficacy. These are: Mastery experiences Social models Social persuasion Emotional states Let’s look at each one of these individually:
Mastery experiences – this is the most effective way to create a strong sense of
self-efficacy for a person. As each success is achieved, the sense of self-efficacy
is reinforced. However, a bit of fa...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 06/07/2013 for the course BA 202 taught by Professor Cuongvu during the Fall '13 term at Copenhagen Business School.
- Fall '13