Module5Activity.Teves,MealynD..docx - The Contemporary...

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The Contemporary World Module 5 Learning Activity and Assessment Learning Activity Choose a regional division and trace how it has changed from the time before European powers like Britain and Spain ruled the world, then during the era of colonialism, until its independence. List what kinds of changes happened to these areas (once principates, then provinces, then republics) and the people who inhabit there. Finally, see how the nations and republics that were born from the ashes of colonialism after World War II looked back on the past era to explain their own histories. After searching about the history of China and Korea, the following informations answers how these lands changes over time. CHINA China, Chinese (Pinyin) Zhonghua or (Wade-Giles romanization) Chung- hua, also spelled (Pinyin) Zhongguo or (Wade-Giles romanization) Chung-kuo, officially People’s Republic of China or Chinese (Pinyin) Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo or (Wade-Giles romanization) Chung-hua Jen-min Kung-ho-kuo, country of East Asia. It is the largest of all Asian countries and has the largest population of any country in the world. Occupying nearly the entire East Asian landmass, it covers approximately one-fourteenth of the land area of Earth. Among the major countries of the world, China is surpassed in area by only Russia and Canada, and it is almost as large as the whole of Europe. China has 33 administrative units directly under the central government; these consist of 22 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities (Chongqing, Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjin), and 2 special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau). The island province of Taiwan, which has been under separate administration since 1949, is discussed in the article Taiwan. Beijing (Peking), the capital of the People’s Republic, is also the cultural, economic, and communications centre of the country. Shanghai is the main industrial city; Hong Kong is the leading commercial centre and port. Within China’s boundaries exists a highly diverse and complex country. Its topography encompasses the highest and one of the lowest places on
Earth, and its relief varies from nearly impenetrable mountainous terrain to vast coastal lowlands. Its climate ranges from extremely dry, desertlike conditions in the northwest to tropical monsoon in the southeast, and China has the greatest contrast in temperature between its northern and southern borders of any country in the world. Probably the single most identifiable characteristic of China to the people of the rest of the world is the size of its population. Some one-fifth of humanity is of Chinese nationality. The great majority of the population is Chinese (Han), and thus China is often characterized as an ethnically homogeneous country, but few countries have as wide a variety of indigenous peoples as does China. Even among the Han there are cultural and linguistic differences between regions; for example, the only point of linguistic commonality between two individuals from different parts of China

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