Unit 1 Outline (Ch. 1-5) - Justin Nguyen APUSH period 2...

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Justin NguyenAPUSH – period 29/17/12Unit 1 (Ch. 1-5) – Founding the New Nation OutlineI.New World Beginnings (Ch. 1)A.The Shaping of North AmericaA.1.Recorded history of the world is relatively short = unknownA.1.a.6000 years ago (1 minute) Middle Eastern people emergedA.1.b.500 years ago (seconds) European explorers stumbled on the AmericasA.2.Pangaea – the supercontinentA.2.a.Held all of Earth’s landA.2.b.Broke into Eurasia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica, AmericasA.2.b.1)Movement of Earth’s crustA.2.b.2)Mountains formed – Rockies, Cascades, Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada, etc.A.2.c.Formed the Atlantic and Indian Oceans and narrowed the Pacific OceanA.2.d.Formed the Canadian Shield– 1stpart of N. America to rise above sea levelA.2.e.Proven – identical fish species in separated freshwater lakes around the world = MCA.3.Great Ice Age – Geological effectsA.3.a.2 million years agoA.3.b.2 mile thick ice sheets covered Europe, Asia, Americas (esp. Canada)A.3.c.Ended 10,000 years agoA.3.d.Left land with thousands of shallow depressions = lakes (Great Lakes) and rivers (Mississippi R.)A.3.e.Some lakes grew saline, evaporated, left mineral-rich desert (the Great Salt Lake)A.3.f.Made America look the way it is todayB.Peopling the AmericasB.1.Controversial origins of early AmericansB.1.a.By crude boatsB.1.b.By land – due to Great Ice AgeB.1.b.1)Froze oceans into glaciers = lower level of seaB.1.b.2)Exposed land bridge connecting Eurasia with North AmericaB.1.b.3)Nomadic Asian hunters followed migratory herd of game/preyB.1.b.4)Ended = glaciers melt = sea level rose and covered the land bridgeB.1.b.5)These immigrants were now isolated for millennia on the unpopulated American continents = developed the race of Native AmericansB.2.Early immigrants roamed southward and eastward to the corners of the AmericasB.2.a.1)Split into countless tribesB.2.a.2)More than 2,000 different languagesB.2.a.3)Different religions, cultures, and ways of lifeB.3.America was still important before ColumbusB.3.a.Population 2-18 million people = as much as EuropeB.3.a.1)Not much was document = controversial numbers
B.3.a.2)Many assume that not many lived before the Europeans came – less guilt from having killed off 90% of the population – ‘if they all died they must not be that important’B.3.b.Assumed they were barbaric = very wrongB.3.b.1)Justification for:B.3.b.1.a)So many deathsB.3.b.1.b)Conquering themB.3.b.1.c)Converting themB.3.b.1.d)Enslaving themB.3.b.2)Incas (Peru), Mayans (Central America), and Aztecs(Mexico)B.3.b.2.a)No wheel technology or large draft animals (ox, horse, etc.) butB.3.b.2.b)Sophisticated civilizationsB.3.b.2.c)Advanced agriculture – maize staple (corn)B.3.b.2.d)Elaborate citiesB.3.b.2.e)Trade and commerce systemsB.3.b.2.f)Talented mathematicians – astronomers and accurate calendarsB.3.b.2.g)Polytheistic, ceremonial rituals, human sacrificesC.The Earliest AmericansC.1.Agriculture based on maize/corn growingC.1.a.

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