Justin NguyenAPUSH – period 212/17/12Unit 6 (Ch. 19-21) – Testing the New Nation (Continued) Outline1.Drifting Toward Disunion (Ch.19) (1854 – 1861)1.What’s New – “Brief” Summary1.Question of slavery still in hot controversy2.Moral questions => evaporation of peaceful political solutions to slavery3.Violence in Kansas Territory over proslavery/antislavery factions4.Dred Scottdecision = Sup. Court = slavery legal in all Western territories5.Formation of Republican Party and election of Abraham Lincoln2.Stowe and Helper: Literary Incendiaries1.Harriet Beecher Stowe – Uncle Tom’s Cabin1.Awakened North to wickedness of slavery2.Detailed the terrible inhumanities – esp. splitting of families3.Powerful imagery and moral sympathy4.Influenced by religious movements and Second Great Awakening5.Highly popular2.=> “the little woman that helped start the war”3.Lasting impression – North refuse to enforce the Fugitive Slave Law4.Hinton Helper – The Impending Crisis of the South1.Written by a non-aristocratic white2.Said non-slaveholding whites suffered the most3.=> fuel elite white fears that the non-slaveholding majority would abandon them4.Used by North as campaign literature3.The North-South Contest for Kansas1.Douglas Kansas-Nebraska Act = Kansas slave and Nebraska free2.But North go into Kansas (pioneers + antislavery organizations – New England Emigrant Aid Company) = want both3.Southern ruffians come from Missouri to vote for popular sovereignty of slavery4.Kansas in Convulsion1.John Brown1.Iron-willed = obsessively dedicated to abolitionist cause2.After attack on Lawrence1.=> took family to Pottawatomie Creek2.=> hack 5 proslavery people to pieces3.=> South outrage and war that eventually merged with the Civil War2.Lecompton Constitution1.Issued by proslavery people to block pop. sovereignty 2.Either vote for/against slavery3.=> but no slavery => protect slave owners already in Kansas4.Free Soil Party = boycott => proslavery people win3.James Buchanan1.= influenced by southern values2.= platform based on Lecompton Constitution4.Attacked by Douglas as supporter of true popular sovereignty1.=> Lost strong support in South for later presidency
2.Compromise = submit Lecompton Constitution to popular vote => free-soil voters against Lecompton3.Fought for fair play and democratic principles5.Buchanan lost support of Douglas Democrats in North1.Divided the only national, strong party at the time2.Whigs = dead, and Republicans = sectional3.=> snapped last strand in rope that bound the Union together5.“Bully” Brooks and His Bludgeon1.Bleeding Kansas = issue of border war/slavery/Douglas’s Kansas-Nebraska Act2.Bleeding Sumner = Charles Sumner – speech “The Crime Against Kansas”1.Insulted proslavery men as the drunken spew and vomit of uneasy civilization2.=> attack South Carolina => Brooks attack Sumner with cane3.North applauded Sumner’s derogatory speech => thousands of Republican votes4.=> South angered because North support Sumner5.=> 1stblows of the Civil War1.Emotion overruling thought2.