Unit 6 Outline (Ch. 19-21) - Justin Nguyen APUSH period 2 Unit 6(Ch 19-21 Testing the New Nation(Continued Outline 1 Drifting Toward Disunion(Ch.19(1854

Unit 6 Outline (Ch. 19-21) - Justin Nguyen APUSH period 2...

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Justin Nguyen APUSH – period 2 12/17/12 Unit 6 (Ch. 19-21) – Testing the New Nation (Continued) Outline 1. Drifting Toward Disunion (Ch.19) (1854 – 1861) 1. What’s New – “Brief” Summary 1. Question of slavery still in hot controversy 2. Moral questions => evaporation of peaceful political solutions to slavery 3. Violence in Kansas Territory over proslavery/antislavery factions 4. Dred Scott decision = Sup. Court = slavery legal in all Western territories 5. Formation of Republican Party and election of Abraham Lincoln 2. Stowe and Helper: Literary Incendiaries 1. Harriet Beecher Stowe – Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1. Awakened North to wickedness of slavery 2. Detailed the terrible inhumanities – esp. splitting of families 3. Powerful imagery and moral sympathy 4. Influenced by religious movements and Second Great Awakening 5. Highly popular 2. => “the little woman that helped start the war” 3. Lasting impression – North refuse to enforce the Fugitive Slave Law 4. Hinton Helper – The Impending Crisis of the South 1. Written by a non-aristocratic white 2. Said non-slaveholding whites suffered the most 3. => fuel elite white fears that the non-slaveholding majority would abandon them 4. Used by North as campaign literature 3. The North-South Contest for Kansas 1. Douglas Kansas-Nebraska Act = Kansas slave and Nebraska free 2. But North go into Kansas (pioneers + antislavery organizations – New England Emigrant Aid Company) = want both 3. Southern ruffians come from Missouri to vote for popular sovereignty of slavery 4. Kansas in Convulsion 1. John Brown 1. Iron-willed = obsessively dedicated to abolitionist cause 2. After attack on Lawrence 1. => took family to Pottawatomie Creek 2. => hack 5 proslavery people to pieces 3. => South outrage and war that eventually merged with the Civil War 2. Lecompton Constitution 1. Issued by proslavery people to block pop. sovereignty 2. Either vote for/against slavery 3. => but no slavery => protect slave owners already in Kansas 4. Free Soil Party = boycott => proslavery people win 3. James Buchanan 1. = influenced by southern values 2. = platform based on Lecompton Constitution 4. Attacked by Douglas as supporter of true popular sovereignty 1. => Lost strong support in South for later presidency
2. Compromise = submit Lecompton Constitution to popular vote => free-soil voters against Lecompton 3. Fought for fair play and democratic principles 5. Buchanan lost support of Douglas Democrats in North 1. Divided the only national , strong party at the time 2. Whigs = dead, and Republicans = sectional 3. => snapped last strand in rope that bound the Union together 5. “Bully” Brooks and His Bludgeon 1. Bleeding Kansas = issue of border war/slavery/Douglas’s Kansas-Nebraska Act 2. Bleeding Sumner = Charles Sumner – speech “The Crime Against Kansas” 1. Insulted proslavery men as the drunken spew and vomit of uneasy civilization 2. => attack South Carolina => Brooks attack Sumner with cane 3. North applauded Sumner’s derogatory speech => thousands of Republican votes 4. => South angered because North support Sumner 5. => 1 st blows of the Civil War 1. Emotion overruling thought 2.

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