Unit 9 Outline (Ch. 27-29) - Justin Nguyen APUSH period 2...

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Justin Nguyen APUSH – period 2 2/23/13 Unit 9 (Ch. 27-29) – Forging an Industrial Society (Continued) Outline 1. Empire and Expansion (Ch.27) (1890 – 1909) 1. What’s New – “Brief” Summary 1. Americans remained indifferent to the outside world after Civil War 1. Occupied with Reconstruction, building industrial economy 2. Tried to conquer West 2. US foreign policy began to take on a momentous shift 1. Due to changes in agriculture, industry, social structure 2. International advantages seen in “age of empire” 3. Astonishing departure from anticolonial tradition 3. Rising new power 4. Undefined diplomatic principles and ambitions 2. America Turns Outward 1. Many reasons for overseas expansion 1. Farmers and factories sought markets abroad as production boomed 2. Wanted safety valve to release pressures of labor violence and agrarian unrest 3. New sense of power from growing population, wealth, and production 2. Popularized overseas involvement 1. Press of Joseph Pulitzer and William Hearst – “manly adventures” 2. Pious missionaries + Josiah Strong’s Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis 1. Superiority of Anglo-Saxon civilization 2. Spread religion and values to “backward” peoples 3. Theodore Roosevelt and Senator Henry Cabot Lodge 1. Darwinism – earth belongs to strong and fit = Uncle Sam 4. Americans jealous of missed opportunities 1. Africa had already been divided among the Europeans 2. Chinese Empire already divided among Japan, Germany, Russia 3. America needed to become an imperial power to survive the competition 1. Alfred Thayer Mahan – The Influence of Sea Power upon History 1. Control of sea = key to world dominance 2. Stimulated the naval race among great powers 4. Big Sister Policy – by James G. Blaine 1. Tried to rally Latin American nations/markets to open to America 2. Started the first Pan-American Conference 5. Several diplomatic crises/near wars on the path of American diplomacy 1. American/German fight over Samoan Islands 2. American/Italian fight over lynching of 11 Italians 3. American/Chilean fight over death of two American sailors 4. American/Canadian fight over seal hunting => Willingness of Americans to risk war over minor disputes 6. Venezuelan Boundary dispute 1. Discovery of gold => crisis between America and Britain 2. Used the Monroe Doctrine – said US ran the Western Hemisphere
3. Britain accepted American’s boundary due to problems with Kaiser Wilhelm’s Germany and Boers in South America 7. => Great Rapprochement 1. = reconciliation between America and Britain 2. New cordiality = cornerstone of both nations’ foreign policy 3. Spurning the Hawaiian Pear 1. Hawaii was becoming an increasingly important center for sugar production 2. America regarded Hawaii as an extension of its own coastline 1. Treaty guaranteeing priceless naval-base rights at Pearl Harbor 3. Troubles 1. Hawaii = 1/6 of original population due to foreign diseases 2. => America hired Chinese and Japanese immigrants to work cane fields/sugar 3.

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