ALT Basic Concept infection control.pdf - ACTIVE LEARNING...

This preview shows page 1 out of 1 page.

Unformatted text preview: ACTIVE LEARNING TEMPLATE: Basic Concept sylnia thomas STUDENT NAME______________________________________ control CONCEPT__infection _____________________________________________________________________________ REVIEW MODULE CHAPTER__11 __________ Related Content Underlying Principles (E.G., DELEGATION, LEVELS OF PREVENTION, ADVANCE DIRECTIVES) A nurse uses infection control practices (medical asepsis, surgical asepsis, standard precautions) to break the chain and thus stop the spread of infection WHO? WHEN? WHY? HOW? infection occurs when the presence of a pathogen leads to a chain of events. all components of the chain must be present and intact for the infection to occur. Chain of Infection: ausative Agent: bacteria, virus, fungus, prion, parasite Reservoir: human, animal, food, organic matter on inanimate surfaces, water, soil, insects Portal of Exit: means of leaving from the host -Respiratory tract [droplet, airborne] Gastrointestinal tract -Genitourinary tract -Skin/mucous membranes -Blood/body fluids Mode of Transmission 1. Contact [direct - person to person, indirect - object to person, fecal-oral transmission - handling food after using restroom and failing to wash hands] 2. Droplet [sneezing, coughing, talking] 3. Airborne [sneezing and coughing], vector borne [animals or insects]) Portal of Entry to host; might be same as portal of exit Susceptible to Host: compromised defense mechanisms [immunocompromised, breaks in skin] leave the host more susceptible to infections ACTIVE LEARNING TEMPLATES Nursing Interventions General Guidlines -Hand Hygiene -Immunization Education -Oral Hygiene -Adequate amount of Fluids -Pulmonary Hygiene -Aseptic Technique & Proper Personal Protection Equipment -Teach and Use Respiratory Hygiene/Cough Etiquette example Nursing Care in a PT with Herpes Zoster: assess/monitor: -Pain -Condition of the lesions -Presence of fever -Neurologic complications -Signs of infection Use an air mattress or bed cradle for pain prevention and control of affected areas Isolate the client until the vesicles have crusted over Maintain strict wound care precautions Avoid exposing the client to infants, pregnant women who have no had chickenpox, and clients who are immunocompromised, although anyone who has not had chickenpox and has not been vaccinated is at risk Use lotions to help relieve itching and discomfort Administer medications as prescribed -Medications: analgesics (NSAIDs, narcotics) enhance client comfort, antiviral agents (ex. acyclovir) can shorten the clinical course ...
View Full Document

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture