Ch_5 - Chapter 5 Social experience: the key to our humanity...

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Chapter 5 Social experience: the key to our humanity Socialization refers to the lifelong social experience by which ppl develop their human  potential and learn culture Foundations of personality Personality- person’s fairly constant patterns of acting, thinking, and feeling Build it by taking in out surroundings Human development Biological human behavior was instinctive out nature says Charles Darwin Some ppl born criminals Women are “naturally” emotional Men “naturally” rational Social sciences: role of nature Watson developed theory called behaviorism Behaviorism- not instinctive but learned Ppl everywhere are equally human different only in cultural patterns Behavior was natured Social isolation Study of non-human primates Places rhesus monkey in social isolations Importance of mother cradling infant Could recover from 3 months isolations but not 6 Studies of isolated children Anna- showed improvement But died cuz of blood disorder Isabelle-virtual isolation Learned how to speak and live relatively normal life Gene-age 2 tied to a potty chair in garage Rescued at age 13 w/ mind of 1 year old Review Importance of social experience and personality development Can recover but there is a certain point that you cannot recover from Understanding Socialization Sigmund Freud’s elements of personality Basic human needs Biology= major part in human development Humans 2 basic needs presented at birth
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Sexual and emotion bonding called life instinct Aggressive drive called death instinct Freud model of personality ID- the human being basic drive unconscious demand immediate with demand of society  EGO-person’s consciousness efforts to balance innate pleasure seeking  drives w/ demand  SUPER-EGO- cultural values and norms internalized by an individual on  operates conscience Personal development Culture in super ego represses selfish devalues women Sublimation- redirect selfish drives into a socially acceptable behavior Accept that sex is a basic human drive Freud’s works presents human in male terms and devalues women 
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC 251 taught by Professor Ciliberto during the Spring '07 term at Bryant.

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Ch_5 - Chapter 5 Social experience: the key to our humanity...

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