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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 1: T H E I N V E N T IO N AND EARLY YEARS OF T H E C I N E MA, 1880S-1904 I N T R O D U C T I O N Industrial era = mass production of other forms of entertainment. Theater was expensive since productions had to be moved from city to city. T H E I N V E N T I O N O F T H E C I N E M A PRECO N D I T I O NS FOR M O T IO N P ICT URES Scientists realized that the human eye would perceive motion if images are placed in rapid succession. Phenakistoscope (1832), Zoetrope (1833). Had to be able to project images using light. Had to be able to make quick, successive photographs on clear material. Henry Fox Talbot created film negatives on paper (1839). George Eastman created film on rolls, made film possible (1888-89). Needed to have machinery to stop film, allow light in, change frame. M A JOR PREC URSORS OF M O T IO N P ICT URES Analyzing motion: Eadweard Muybridge set up 12 cameras to take pictures of horse running (1878) Etienne Jules Marey used photographic gun (12 frames in one second) to capture bird flight (1882), created box camera which could capture at up to 120 fps (1888). Emile Reynaud created Projecting Praxinoscope (1877-1882) that projected image using mirrors. Augustin Le Prince shot films using Kodaks paper, but he disappeared (1888-1890). A N I N T ER NAT IO N A L PROCESS OF I N V E N T IO N ED ISON, D IC KSON, A N D T H E K I N E TOSCOPE Thomas Edison and assistant W. K. L. Dickson used Kodaks film to create Kinetograph camera and Kinetoscope viewing box, using holes in 1 inch film and...
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- Fall '07