Chapter 2 - The International Expansion of the Cinema (1905-1912)

Chapter 2 - The International Expansion of the Cinema (1905-1912)

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CHAPTER 2: THE INTERNATIONAL EXPANSION OF THE CINEMA, 1905- 1912 FILM PRODUCTION IN EUROPE FRANCE: PATHE VERSUS GAUMONT Firms became vertically integrated ; they produced, directed, filmed, and exhibited their own films. Pathe remained the largest film company (1903). Used women to hand-color each frame. Max Linder films: comedies, embarrassing situations, thwarted love. Influenced comedy genre. Horizontal integration : Pathe acquired other production firms (1909). Gaumont also became successful, hiring and training staff including Louis Feuillade. The Film d’Art company filmed The Assassination of the Duc de Guise (1908) with high production value, appealed to elite class, told historical event artistically. ITALY: GROWTH THROUGH SPECTACLE Cines, Ambrosio, and Itala firms lacked experience. Italy opened many permanent theaters, made longer films ( Il Caduta de Troia was three reels). The Last Days of Pompeii (1908), Italian film becomes associated with historical spectacle. DENMARK: NORDISK AND OLE OLSEN Ole Olsen: Entrepreneur, formed Nordisk company. Filmed Lion Hunt , banned because lions actually shot. Death Jump on Horseback from the Circus Dome about love triangle and jealousy. Excellent acting and production values. Asta Nielsen, actress is The Abyss . OTHER COUNTRIES England ( Rescued by Rover ), Japan, Germany, Russia, start/continue with film.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course VIS 84 taught by Professor Mangolte during the Fall '07 term at UCSD.

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Chapter 2 - The International Expansion of the Cinema (1905-1912)

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