StuDocu is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or universityDT - Pain - DRUG TABLE.Social Pharmacy (University of Sydney)Downloaded by jh iu ([email protected])lOMoARcPSD|5120665
Actve IngredientCommon Brand namesIndicatonDose/ frequencyCommon Side EfectsPrecautons/ ContraindicatonsPregnancy/ breasteedingNotes (Formulaton available, suitable for children, common counselling points etc)Workshop 8: PainParacetamolPanadol, Panamax, Paralgin, Febridol, Parapane, OsteomolPain, FeverAdult: Oral, 0.5–1 g every 4–6 hours; maximum 4 g daily. Child: Oral, 15 mg/kg every 4–6hoursincreased aminotransferas es (leads to hepatotoxicity)Patents with chronic liver disease may be at increasedrisk of liver damage following therapeutc dose or overdose of paracetamolSafe to UseAdult: do not take more than 4g daily Child: give paracetamol strictly according to the dose and frequency instructons. If pain and/or fever lasts for >48 hours, talk to yourdoctor. Child Suitable Formulatons include: Children’s PanadolDownloaded by jh iu ([email protected])lOMoARcPSD|5120665
Aspirin SolprinMild-to-moderate pain,including fxed-dose combinaton with codeineFeverRheumatc feverAcute migraineRheumatoid arthrits, seek specialist adviceKawasaki disease, seek specialist adviceAnalgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, oral 300–900mg every 4–6hours when necessary.Children: Rheumatic fever (arthritis or severe arthralgia), oral, initally 12.5–15mg/kgevery 6hours; increase if needed to 20–25mg/kg every 6hours; maintenance, 12.5–15mg/kgevery 6hours. Stop treatment when symptom free for 1–2weeks.nausea, dyspepsia, vomitng, GI ulceraton or bleeding, asymptomatcblood loss, increased bleeding tme,headache, dizziness, tnnitus (common with high doses).Precautons: Allergic reacton to aspirin or other NSAID—contraindicated.Heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension—may be exacerbated by sodium and fuid retenton caused by aspirin-induced reducton in glomerular fltraton rate and renal blood fow.Asthma—risk of bronchospasm is increased in patents with aspirin-precipitated asthma.Gout—avoid analgesic doses of aspirin during an acute atack as plasma urate concentraton may change.G6PD defciency—doses of up to 1 g daily are tolerated in most people.History of peptc Pregnancy:Increased rate of miscarriage. Risk appears highest when taken around the tme of concepton.When given during the later part of pregnancy, NSAIDs may delay labour and birth.Breasteeding: Avoid due to theoretcal risk of Reye’s syndrome; ibuprofen is preferred, however, single doses of aspirin can be taken.Taking with or afer foodmay reduce stomach upset.If you develop swollen ankles, difculty in breathing, black stools or vomit that looks like cofee grounds, stop taking the medicine and contact your doctor without delay.