December 1 - afford to leave became alienated in the...

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December 1, 2006 Soci201-16 Victor Perez 1700- London had population of 550,000 (pre-industrial Europe) by 1900 (peak of industrial revolution) had a population of 6 million. 1900- National population of United States was 76 million In 2006 population was 600 million. 40% of US residents lived in urban areas in 1900 by 2006, 80% lived in an urban area Industrialization (1860-1950) o Emergence of the metropolis o Factories were used to make weapons during the Civil War (1861-1865) and promoted growth of metropolitan areas. o New housing developed in and around factories and urbanized areas, with buildings upwards of 1,000 people. o Completely new way of arranging people growth of impersonality, inequality and crime. Urban Decentralization (1950- present) o Post World War 2 more opportunities for people to own homes because of G.I. Bill making home owning more affordable and available. o Suburbs flourished surrounding urban areas. o With suburban sprawl has come urban decay because people who couldn’t
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Unformatted text preview: afford to leave became alienated in the poorest areas of the city. o Goldberger (’02) suburban sprawl has brought about a decline in public space. • New sociological insight resulting from urbanization o Ferdinand Toennies (1887) Society has moved from gemeinschaft (based on kinship and community) to gesellschaft (self interest) brought on by urbanization. Urbanization and social solidarity promotes capitalism o Emile Durkheim Shift from mechanical solidarity (common moral sentiments) to organic solidarity (interdependence). Urbanization promotes highly specialized roles, creating inter-dependence to fulfill each other’s needs. Disagreed with Toennies in thinking that urbanization was bad. Thought it was just a new way of social solidarity, not better or worse. We were once bonded by similarity, now bonded by difference....
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOCI 201 taught by Professor Perez during the Fall '07 term at University of Delaware.

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