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Lec5 - ANT253 Lecture 5(Ch 2 green covered blue book not...

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ANT253’Lecture’5 ’ 10/09/2012’(Ch.’2’green’covered;’blue’book’not’covered)’ Dr.’Danesi’will’be’in’his’office’next’Tuesday’(day’of’the’test)’to’answer’any’ questions’from’7’am’to’12’pm’but’make’an’appointment’first.’ Phonology: ’ ’ -The’study’of’sound’systems.’ Phoneme:’distinctive’u nit’of’sounds ’ (cat’ ->’bat)’ ’ Allophone:’variant’of’phoneme’(gh,’f,’ph’sound’the’same)’ Complimentary’Distribution :’where’one’occurs,’the’other’does’not.’ For’example,’the’“L”’in’love’is’at’the’front’of’th e’word’ and’when’you’say’the’ word,’the’tongue’is’at’the’front.’When’you’say’dull,’where’the’“L”’is’at’the’ back,’when’you’say’it,’the’tongue’is’also’at’the’back.’ Stress:’ Words’have’stress.’Without’stress,’sentences’sound’flat,’like’a’robot.’ This’is’how’we ’ process’sentences. ’ Primary’stress:’ I didn±t’do’it. ’ Secondary’ stress:’I’ didn’t ’ do’it. ’ Tertiary’ stress:’I’didn±t’ do ’ it.’ ’ They’all’imply’a’different’meaning.’ Ex.’Sarah’is’It álian’ Vs.’S árah’is’Italian’(not’Mary)’ Tone:’doesn±t’add’meaning’in’English’but’ in’Chinese,’for’example,’it’uses’tones’as’ phonemes.’ ’ Ex.’ “ma”’in’Chinese’can’mean’mother,’horse,’hemp’or’scold,’depending’on’ the’tone.’ ’ She’ did ’ come’with’you’didn±t’ she ?’ She ’ did’come’with’you’ did n±t’she?’ ’ Intonation:’use’of’tone’ to’lay’certain’structures.’
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