FINAL PAPER INTD200 to send.pdf - INTD 200 Final Take-Home...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 8 pages.

INTD 200 Final Take-Home Exam; Winter 2020 For decades, globalization has existed; thus, it is an error to believe that it is a new concept. Indeed, taking in consideration its definition which is the increasing connection and similarities between different cultures and economic systems around the world due to the influence of large multinational companies and improved communication, it seems evident that globalization has been present since a long time, affecting our society in diverse ways (Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary). Ideally, globalization should contribute to facilitating the exchange of ideas, culture, foreign products, and services. Another benefit should be the economic growth thanks to fewer restrictions allowing worldwide trade, resulting in healthy competition as well as the promotion of good relationships between countries. However, it is only theory, and it does not work as expected in real conditions. Indeed, there are two existing types of globalization: low-end and high-end, resulting in significantly different kinds of situations and including different actors. Low-end globalization is the flow of people and goods across borders that involve small amounts of capital and informal, sometimes semi-legal or illegal transactions. It is often perpetrated by small actors such as the African traders in the Chungking Mansions of Hong Kong (Gordon Mathews). On the other hand, in high-end globalization, the key actors are large corporations. As a result, in this essay, we will analyze the case of the famous multinational company Nike in the process of high-end globalization. Therefore, we will talk about the policy on production factories and their contribution to the spread of labor exploitation. Marxism ideology explores the concept of labor exploitation because of the capitalist system's foundations and bases. Nowadays, labor exploitation corresponds to the non-respect of the fundamental workers' human rights, such as paying reasonable wages, allowing breaks, and not using children for labor. Indeed, globalization can be argued that it "has not been good for working people" (Forbes Magazine) whether they were living in a developed or developing country. In fact, globalization led to an increasing demand for affordable means of production, resulting in cheap labor. Competition in the global market also encourages large
corporations to diminish their expenditures, outsource their output, as well as search for tax havens, with the objective to maximize their profit. Therefore, some countries lacking a reliable law system protecting workers become the prey of some businesses such as Nike in this process of globalization as they seize the opportunity to take advantage of the weak laws. To begin with, globalization is a notion that can be considered as a negative concept, as well as a positive force. Indeed, it allows humans to share their cultures and ideologies, but also contribute to eradicate and erase borders between nations. Therefore, it could be viewed as an element allowing people to be closer to each other. David Harvey theorized this idea through the

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture