Discussion 3.1-Meghan McBride.docx - Discussion 3.1 NURS...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 5 pages.

Discussion 3.1NURS 600Maryville UniversityMeghan McBride“Grand theories are the systematic construction of the nature of nursing, the mission of nursing,and the goals of nursing care.” (Meleis, 2018). In chapter 9 of Meleis’ Theoretical Nursing grandtheories are categorized by their primary focus. There are four of these categories; needstheorists, interaction theorists, outcome theorists, and caring theorists. While the primary focusof grand theories may differ, there are several areas where they align. Overall nursing theoriesprovide interpretation of how to make patients comfortable, how to provide treatment andminimize damage, and how to promote and elevated level of wellness. (Meleis, 2018).Needs theorists primary focus is on meeting the needs of patients, based on a hierarchy of thoseneeds. When there are unmet needs that a patient cannot meet on their own then nursing care isneeded. Interaction theorists primary focus is on the nurse patient interactions and thedevelopment of a relationship between the nurse and the patient. Outcome theorists primaryfocus is on the end results or ‘outcomes’ of nursing care. Caring theorists primary focus is oncaring being the central to the nursing discipline, and the act of caring is vital to what brings thenurse and patient together (Meleis, 2018).Imogene King’s Theory of Goal Attainment describes how perceptions, communications,interactions, and transactions between the nurse and the patient contribute to mutual goal settingto obtain a healthy state (Fronczek, Rouhana, & Kitchin, 2017). King’s theory was developedfrom several assumptions that emphasize the importance of the involvement of the patient in

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 5 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
N/A
Tags
Nursing, Endo E Margaret Newman

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture