Literary TermsElements of Fiction (Short Story, Novel)Allegory-an extended narrative in which characters, events, and setting represent abstract qualities and in which the writer intends a second meaning to be read beneath the surface story. A story in which people, things, and actions represent an idea or a generalization about life; allegories often have a strong moral or lesson.Alliteration- the repetition of initial consonant sounds in words.“The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew,The furrow followed free;We were the first that ever burstInto that silent sea.”Allusion*-a passing reference to historical or fictional characters, places, events, or to their works that the writer assumes the reader will recognize.For example, Suppose a newspaper editorial says that a new law will open a Pandora’sbox. If you know the story of Pandora from Greek mythology, you know that the editorial is saying that the new law will let loose many unforseen and unmanageable problems and difficulties.Analogy- a comparison of two or more similar objects, suggesting that if they are alike in certain respects, they will probably be alike in other ways as well.Anecdote- A brief story used to illustrate or make a point.Antagonist*- the character who stands in direct opposition or in conflict with the main character of a work.Antihero*- character, usually the protagonist, who faces a series of problems and events in a story, but often is going against traditional societal standards.Antithesis- Using opposite ideas in the same thought or sentence to emphasize a point. Antithesis balances or contrasts one word or idea against another, usually in the same sentence.“Let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate.”Apostrophe*- a figure of speech in which a thing, a place, an abstract quality, an idea, or a dead or absent person, is addressed as if present and capable of understanding.“Death be not proud.”“Rose, where’d you get that red?”
Autobiography- an author’s account or story of her or his own life.Biography- the story of a person’s life written by another person.Character*- a person presented in works of narrative or drama who convey his/her personal qualities through dialogue and action by which the reader or audience understands his/her thoughts, feelings, intentions and motives.Dynamic Character*-a character that changes as a result of the events in the story.Static Character*-a character that changes very little or not at all during the course of the story.Round Character*-a character that is presented as a complex individual; we cannot capture him/her with a single word or phrase.Flat Character*- a character that is easily summed up.Foil Character- someone who serves as a contrast or challenge to another character.