12-13_Literary_Terms_Def.[1] - Literary Terms Elements of Fiction(Short Story Novel Allegory an extended narrative in which characters events and

12-13_Literary_Terms_Def.[1] - Literary Terms Elements of...

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Literary Terms Elements of Fiction (Short Story, Novel) Allegory - an extended narrative in which characters, events, and setting represent abstract qualities and in which the writer intends a second meaning to be read beneath the surface story. A story in which people, things, and actions represent an idea or a generalization about life; allegories often have a strong moral or lesson. Alliteration - the repetition of initial consonant sounds in words. “The f air b reeze b lew, the white f oam f lew, The f urrow f ollowed f ree; We were the f irst that ever b urst Into that s ilent s ea.” Allusion* -a passing reference to historical or fictional characters, places, events, or to their works that the writer assumes the reader will recognize. For example, Suppose a newspaper editorial says that a new law will open a Pandora’s box . If you know the story of Pandora from Greek mythology, you know that the editorial is saying that the new law will let loose many unforseen and unmanageable problems and difficulties. Analogy- a comparison of two or more similar objects, suggesting that if they are alike in certain respects, they will probably be alike in other ways as well. Anecdote - A brief story used to illustrate or make a point. Antagonist* - the character who stands in direct opposition or in conflict with the main character of a work. Antihero*- character, usually the protagonist, who faces a series of problems and events in a story, but often is going against traditional societal standards. Antithesis - Using opposite ideas in the same thought or sentence to emphasize a point. Antithesis balances or contrasts one word or idea against another, usually in the same sentence. “Let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate.” Apostrophe*- a figure of speech in which a thing, a place, an abstract quality, an idea, or a dead or absent person, is addressed as if present and capable of understanding. Death be not proud.” “Rose, where’d you get that red?”
Autobiography- an author’s account or story of her or his own life. Biography- the story of a person’s life written by another person. Character*- a person presented in works of narrative or drama who convey his/her personal qualities through dialogue and action by which the reader or audience understands his/her thoughts, feelings, intentions and motives. Dynamic Character*- a character that changes as a result of the events in the story. Static Character*- a character that changes very little or not at all during the course of the story. Round Character*- a character that is presented as a complex individual; we cannot capture him/her with a single word or phrase. Flat Character*- a character that is easily summed up. Foil Character- someone who serves as a contrast or challenge to another character.

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