Englit final exam - Marlana DeMatto Schuyler Chapman...

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Marlana DeMatto Schuyler Chapman Lectures in Literature April 27, 2012 Final Exam Single Text Essay: 5a. Guest lecturer, Elizabeth Oliphant, discussed multiple concepts from the text Remains of the Day by Kazuo Ishiguro. She specifically stressed the relationship between a colonizer and the residents of a colonized country. She described this relationship as “the colonizer implements control over the colonized by instructing them to adopt the language and cultural traits of the colonizer.” Through Remains of the Day , both Stevens and Lord Darlington ideally mirror the portrayal of a colonizer versus colonized relationship. Lord Darlington’ s obsession with his manor house and profession as a butler ultimately affects Stevens by dominating his life to the point where he corrodes away his identity as a person. The colonizer, represented by Lord Darlington, begins to use the term gentleman as a way to depict the appearance of a butler. Particularly dressed in a professional manner such as suit attire. Stevens states, “I am in the possession of a number of splendid suits, kindly passed on to me over the years by Lord Darlington himself” (Ishiguro 10). Through a colonized setting, he has adopted this idea of presenting himself as a professional gentleman. Due to Stevens’ knowledge of minstrelsy, a profession of American entertainment available to African Americans of the nineteenth century, he took the performative approach to his work by referring to his suits metaphorically as “costumes” (10). This attitude ideally suggests that Stevens views his profession as performing the role of a gentleman intuitively.
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While performing as a butler at Darlington Hall, Stevens has adapted to the mannerism of being intensely loyal due to constantly serving others and their needs under Lord Darlington. This is especially prominent within the novel when Lord Darlington decides to fire the Jewish maids. Stevens’ loyalty towards Lord Darlington is absolute and blind. He ultimately fails to understand that the maids were fired based on religion and was an immoral act of his employer, Lord Darlington. As he explains the situation to Miss Kenton, she immediately understands the gravity of the situation, which is where Stevens gains the courage to demean Lord Darlington and his corrupt act in privacy. However Stevens’ intense loyalty leads him to never risk saying his opinionated confessions to Lords Darlington himself. Finally the idea that language is adopted from the colonizer is particularly evident throughout Stevens’ professional work. He has acquired the language of those he serves, Lord Darlington and his guests, which is the upper class accent. Through his use of diction, pronunciation, and speech rhythms that mimic Lord Darlington, he creates the illusionary appearance of a well-liked employee. Specially the scene when Stevens meets the townspeople at the “The Coach and Horses” while on his trip truly portrays his manner of speech. His attempt at using the word “bantering” for making a joke about the
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