Cody GrimDr. KurowskiLIT34325 March 2013Short Answer1.Poetry is not life, but rather artifice—a re-creation of what life is. It deals in private and public moments, from such phases as birth and death to moments like commemorating a war victory or celebrating a holiday. The major concerns of poetry are, in essence, the major questions of humanity: “What piece of life…is it concerned with? and Where and when is this life being lived?” (Vendler 3). Ultimately, the goal of poetry is to produce pleasure, to evoke emotion, to reach readers.2.In regards to patterning, William Carlos William stated that a poem is “a machine made out of words.” Patterns can be constructed in a number of ways, and recognition of these patterns adds to the reader experience. For example, an author can employ word choice, or semantic, patterns. Other options include linguistic patterns, spatial patterns, serial patterns, syntactic patterns, grammatical patterns, psychological patterns, and time patterns. Even the phonetics of a poem, or its sounds, can maintain a pattern.3.Pleasure from poetry can occur because of many reasons, like sensory appeal, a narcissistic element, relaxation, or even problem-solving. In “My Papa’s Waltz,” one of the first pleasing elements is the rhythm of the poem. A waltz typically uses a three-count system of steps, and the poem’s lines are in beats of 6 (or 7), replicating that “waltz-like” feel. The smoothness of a waltz could contribute to relaxation, and the counting of the beats could be attributed to problem-solving.