Kami Export - Miratia Coyle - Boston Massacre Student Materials_1 WORD.pdf

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Unformatted text preview: Document A: Thomas Preston (Modified) Captain Thomas Preston was an officer in the British army. While in jail, he wrote this narrative. A British tax collector brought this account to London on a ship that left Boston on March 16, 1770. The account was then re-printed in Boston newspapers in June 1770 after copies of the London newspaper were brought to Boston. At about 9 some of the guards informed me that people were gathering to attack the troops. On my way there, I heard the crowd threaten the troops. About 100 people went towards the Custom House where the king's money is kept. They immediately surrounded the soldier there and threatened him. I was told that they were going to carry off the soldier and probably murder him. I immediately sent an officer and 12 men to protect both the soldier and the king's money. I followed them to prevent, if possible, any problems. I feared that the officer and soldiers might be provoked by the insults of the rioters. I told the troops to go out without loading their weapons and I never gave orders to load them. The mob still increased, striking their clubs together, and calling out, “Come on you rascals, you bloody backs, you lobster scoundrels, fire if you dare.” At this time I was between the soldiers and the mob, trying to persuade them to leave peacefully. Someone asked me if I was going to order the men to fire. I answered no, saying that I was in front of the guns, and would be shot if they fired. While I was speaking, one of the soldiers was hit with a stick, stepped a little to one side, and instantly fired. When I turned to ask him why he fired without orders, I was struck with a club on my arm. The soldiers were attacked by a great number of heavy clubs and snowballs were thrown at them. All our lives were in danger. At the same time, someone from behind called out, “Damn your bloods — why don't you fire?” Instantly three or four of the soldiers fired and then three more fired in the same confusion. The mob then ran away, except three unhappy men who instantly died. When I asked the soldiers why they fired without orders, they said they heard the word fire and thought it came from me. This might be the case as many of the mob called out fire, but I told the men that I gave no such order. My words were, don't fire, stop your firing. Source: The Case of Capt. Preston of the 29th Regiment, Public Advertiser (London), April 28, 1770 STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu Document B: Samuel Drowne (Modified) On March 12, 1770, Boston residents held a town meeting, which was how local government decisions were made. At the meeting, the colonists appointed a committee to produce an account of what happened March 5th to send to officials in London because they wanted to influence the way the events of March 5th were portrayed. Drowne was one of 96 residents of Boston to give sworn testimony to justices of the peace about what happened between the British soldiers and residents of Boston. These accounts were taken by ship to London on April 1, 1770. Samuel Drowne of Boston, of lawful age, testified that about nine o’clock of the evening of the fifth day of March he saw about 14 or 15 soldiers of the 29th regiment, some were armed with swords or bayonets, others with clubs or fireshovels. They came upon the people of the town and abused some and violently assaulted others. Most of the townspeople did not even have a stick in their hands to defend themselves. Most of the soldiers went to King Street. Drowne followed them, and saw them fighting with people there. Drowne thought that there were no more than a dozen people there. When the soldiers arrived, most of the people left. Some of them were first assaulted by the soldiers. Then the soldiers went towards the main guard house. At the same time, five soldiers and a corporal armed with guns came out of the guard house. By this time, there were two hundred people on King Street. Drowne saw Captain Preston, whom he knew well, with a number of soldiers armed with guns near the Custom House. Drowne believed that most of the crowd left after seeing the armed soldiers. No more than twenty or thirty remained on King Street. Those who remained were mostly sailors and other persons who were poorly dressed. Several of them dared the soldiers to fire. Drowne then heard Capt. Preston say to the soldiers, “Damn your bloods! Why don't you fire?” The soldiers did not listen and Preston immediately said “Fire.” The soldiers fired randomly. Source: Summary of the sworn testimony of Samuel Drowne, March 16, 1770. STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu Boston Massacre Images Image 1 What do you see in this image? I see the British soldiers holding guns and across from them are the Colonists. I see dead Colonists on the ground after being shot What evidence does it provide about what happened at the Boston Massacre? It proves the riots lead to Colonists being killed by the British soldiers. Image 2 What do you see in this image? It looks like Colonists and British soldiers becoming violent, I see gun smoke from one of the British soldiers guns, and dead/wounded colonists on the ground What evidence does it provide about what happened at the Boston Massacre? It proves that the British had the upper hand on Colonists because they had weapons and the colonists used bottles, rocks, etc How is Image 2 similar to Image 1? They both show the massacre of the Colonists, and also how the British soldiers were using their guns on the unarmed. How is Image 2 different from Image 1? Image 2 is different from image 1 because its more realistic and detailed, and by looking at it we can get a better image/idea of what happened between the British and Colonists. It also may be from a colonists perspective to make the colonists look more innocent, almost like the British were just attacking them with guns. STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu Boston Massacre Document A Sourcing (Answer these questions before reading the document.) 1) Who was Thomas Preston? 2) When was it written? March 16,1770 3) Why was it written? It was written by a British soldier in jail, to show his point of view 4) What do you predict this document will say? I predict it will show his side of the massacre and how it happened in his eyes Close Reading 5) According to this document, what happened at the Boston Massacre? The people actually started to attack the British soldiers first, verbally and physically. instead of retaliating the Soldiers were trying to persuade them to back off so no one would be hurt, but the crowd only got bigger and more people were joining to attack the soldiers but the general still didn't give the go to load their weapons. After the soldiers were attacked by clubs and other weapons three to four soldiers fired at the crowd. 6) According to this document, who was responsible for the Boston Massacre? In this document the Colonists/people were responsible for the massacre Corroboration 7) How is this account similar or different from the accounts provided by the two images? Its different then the first image because the first image shows the British just killing the locals/riots, but in the second image it shows the locals holding weapons, some even holding them in the air to hit the soldiers. STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu Reliability 8) How trustworthy is this account of what happened at the Boston Massacre? Explain your reasoning. I think its partially trust worthy because this was written by the general , but he also wasn't there the to see if they were really being attacked at the beginning Document B Sourcing (Answer these questions before reading the document) 1) Who was Samuel Drowne? Samuel was one of the protesters against the British and their taxing 2) What kind of document is this? Its a Testimony/ witness statement made by Samuel 3) When was this document created? March 16,1770 4) What do you predict this document will say? I think it will be a testimony against the British Close Reading 5) According to this document, what happened at the Boston Massacre? About 14/15armed soldiers walked up to the people and started to attack them with their clubs while the people were unarmed, the soldiers then went to king street and started to attack the people that didn't leave. The soldiers continued to the main guard house while some came out of the house armed with guns. Captain Preston then told his soldiers to fire 6) According to this document, who was responsible for the Boston Massacre? The British Soldiers STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu Corroboration 7) What details about the Boston Massacre do Documents A and B have in common? They both include the words that were said "Damn your bloods! why don't you fire?" and also the word said by Captain Preston "fire" 8) What details about the event are different? In document A it explains how the people got together a riot and initiated the attack on the British, while document B is the point of view of a local and explains how the British started the attack. 9) How is this account similar or different from the accounts provided by the two images? Its similar to image A because image A shows the people without weapons being assaulted by the British who have fired their gun. Reliability 10) How trustworthy is this account of what happened at the Boston Massacre? Explain your reasoning. I thinks its also partially trust worthy because he's a witness that could be lying about what he saw because he too doesn't like the British and New taxes STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu ...
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