Exam 2 Notes

Exam 2 Notes - 1) How did the Scientific Revolution...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1) How did the Scientific Revolution challenge the medieval ideas of the universe, man’s place in the universe, and medieval medicine? Medieval Ideas- Universe -Bile said men/women created last and that the universe is created for us. -Hell is at the center of earth accumulating sin and there is a hierarchical system of getting to heaven. The universe seen as a series of concentric spheres with a motionless earth at its center and the purpose of life was to reach the outer limits of the sphere (heaven) - Aristotle said things move with a force behind it -this fit with the churches belief that nothing happens without a purpose
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2) Who were the most important scientists and how did they change medieval science? ** (2 nd page notes) Copernicus -First to realize science didn’t go along with church -said sun was center of universe (helicentre system) Discovered that the earth movies -earth rotated on axis around sun Raised questions about aristotles astronomy Scientific rev. paralleled protestant rev. -church could do nothing although Luther hated Copernicus Brahe Observed, recorded detailed records of positions and movements of the stars Rejected Aristotelian- plotemaic system Developed system of mathematics that contradicted plotemy Kepler Hermiticist-saw close relationship between math and magic Understood new math 3 laws of planetary motion 1. planets move in elipse motion 2. planets move faster closer to the sun, slower further away 3. planets revolution proportional to its distance from sun Galileo Uses first telescope -finds Jupiter, moon, sunspots on son Developed law of intertia to understand motion Newton Principia- introduced concept of gravity, 3 laws motion, law of attraction World- machine: says universe is one huge machine operating absolutely in time, space, motion
Background image of page 2
3) What is the significance of Bacon, Descartes, Locke, Spinoza, and Pascal for understanding the Scientific Revolution? ** book Bacon Science is possibility of solving worlds problems: cure diseases, better food Introduced idea of induction: observe a situation, induce a theory Introduced scientific or empirical method Descartes Introduced deduction: start with hypothesis, move forward through reason Introduced doubt: everything should be doubted until truth is proven “I Think Thereford I am” Basis for people- how to use reason, thinking. Introduced mind/body: Cartesian dualism, science could lead to no freedom
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 10

Exam 2 Notes - 1) How did the Scientific Revolution...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online