Exam 1 2012 - Name AVS 410 Domestic Animal Behavior Friday...

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Unformatted text preview: Name _ AVS 410 Domestic Animal Behavior Friday, February 17, 2012 , .. 2) Which of the followingtea,bettggggefinition;than atdesoriptioh? I , J“; afrairrfira-jnl.g {fl verge?again .thggefiyyernggfigressMaggots n the last home; int] steep tit-r Empathy f" ~9=‘""*““ we . ifeeaaagg i'ohjéhas occurred whenttfiflfiegzragsl’ are at the feeder for more Maren )6 ~ thfi'fi'fiqwfli hem hang wt CW‘\\/ it: the stallion mounted three times ' ’ the lions were extremely active after when three gazelies were present after ' 10:00pm /e'/ the Ohm exhibited Prey behavior each time the hawk flew War the pasture , . tr r.___‘_._.‘.,;nv... we MM“ ‘ . ” _ _.{»\ Vim-f.» ‘{ C Q U \ fiexlmate._qausatlofi§( “Effie/N“ h astrismg temperatures over the last 100,000 years resulted'ii’n some species my _I9£§9iflgjfls§md of hibernating during the winter ’ l, m travels r its in young stallions ifi’gtfifig the nata’wibandl 9.“ anti 6¥~deer graze ethig t fifa‘vei’ predators met... a . . r (CA-xi d. mothers release pheromones to attract their young 'ght often because it wastes energy 63 animaisltm ‘ p. Cefiinereasett‘biood'epinefih'fineteve )(gj|'y?i9§ (\ “n 5 HCJ M flaw? V“ I 13‘3")“ W (cud r arr t or m :: ‘3 (/t’VtJQ Exam 1 - 20122 21612012 WW 1 h «\lrtlll. rt r ((4‘. g,‘ _ Umrm fir art-t a 5) Which of the following islflgflan example of anthropomorphismTlfiga a‘l‘IXH’V‘G‘w ‘ pnO‘x {N a. my horse's: to Wear ribbons in her hair We“ y\t/W§;t.t’21§t“rtgi?(fl3 ' legitiél'g‘animal planet with me H “H “9”” 3 painful to humans so it isrgro'Barbljyjpainful to rats like to be in his crate becauswémit’is dirty » vh’rhi t. lderedisgadsamplingfi“ tame it a. write down everything that appears to be important ‘3 i “ til“ Wg'i‘fli‘um g Word each time horses mate in a herd c. observe the suckling activity of a litter of dogs d. follow th_efit_igL%0n of a flock of geese from north to south @r every-.ageminetes record of animalsgsieé‘" l3 ,9?” the herd "iiwi "354 «MW LEE Mia-‘5‘ a“; . illitei’ijwtrele heatherrhng 7) Wood peckerspeflitreeS\5efim;;§§in a row every-fittiimginutegsgThese would be ""c'o'nsidered: ' ' \\\\\ \t‘ltnlttt $2 short events with short a latency in between " _ , ’30 1»th '{x guy-ti it“: "' gr; tin: it" b. an event lasting 35 minutes * bouts (is (belles o‘t Witt?) page let; guitar" ‘; . multiple states ‘ ,, . e. multiple events in one state no eat)??? ' Efif'fitflf .:1-8)~You are headed to another planet to observethe behavior of the Wandandis for gigs» r’r‘\ You would most likely use which of the following e-amzpllhgjeulee to ‘Txflgsit "' Ci \ get a general overview of their behavior? net-(Meir a. behavior sampling " b._ focal sampling scan sampling ‘ time sampling ad sampling {IL—1 geWi/fll) (Shgilf'i’e ,vtO (“Ur/\Q’l‘r’ékx‘vtv‘rg ' . When young, naive bats hang outwith adult bats they learn this ' ' error. This is an example of: a. species survival instincts. ,b: inglyiduallearnine . i ividuai learning following instinctual drive. c ii'transmissionflm CU\\’\N'f-'v:‘\"§ \CC-W‘titfi‘i.‘flirt")??? rt «griffin . inheritance. Ni 9-61er KC 8 fit-"i v, (if. 10)Whioh of the following requirement for nfilgtfiififiiectiollflJ9'e’fl Q3 V: U a. genetic variatiow. @(rgmufiQ-fii (mmm’ ‘ri‘\(’,.r '1 if "Ci-“4Q b. transfer of genetic information to the next generation individuaiada tation ‘ . . _ ,. V Eat-3;): /p gar/(Ce (Jam 4 T inheritance e. fitness consequencesflww‘ Exam 1 - 20122 213612012 11)The female house finch mates with the brightest red male house finch because the brightest red male: a. is the most attractive. b. is best at luring predators away from the nest. c. produces the greatest number of offspring. is the most monogamous. has the best foraging ability 12)Which of the following obstacle to domestication? a. slow growth rate \amgw CU H in .br~reluctance to breed in captivity owl-mars lW‘l’UV Vi “lack of follow the leader hierarchies . lg [@ small brain size we it”) mm {a 13)Selection of fur producing foxes for produced tame female foxes with abnormal maternal behavior, spotted coats, shorter legs, curly tails, and floppy ears. This provides evidence for: ,a.’ heritability.*1“<‘:il“l"ir“3i‘l--riir» r g _} g r " .pleiotrophyfiwl Q‘QRfi \v\‘ii"lU€%\Kfit-¢J\ Mflt'fi‘w/ *Wmfl-tt'i'f’ c.’ maternal reverse selection. d. poor genetic selection. a. a genotype-environment interaction. (it/J's (LOU/U? (we Muir. 14)i3e._d9maflm§rs most like y resulted during domestication because we selected animals for: ' a. productivity. maternal capacity. @ tameness. estable social hierarchy. \r) . e. slow growth rate. {90‘ kit/Q” i. n \ Wm... £09.; gratis“: ’ 2W) M 15)Which of the following best describes the role oilinstjrétgts " a; ‘1“ ’k g a. almost totally the result of cognitive abilities We» “in {it} 39% b. only beneficial the first days of life W“ 1 provide the fuil behavioral repertoire of survival strategies critical to life and immediate survival gel-~- w (“as genetically based and constant during the life of the animal 16)An/nlmal__develops its " based on: I of mstmctsfew (Ll/ll C P'YIJCC§§?%§ bf conSpecifi'IcFNQCi par 54.». r" “Yak; c. learning from the mother. d. inheritance of behaviors. e. trial and error. Exam 1 —20122 21'1612012 1Imognitlverc'anab-ili-tles cannot be obServed therefore they: a. must be assumed to exist. b. cannot be modified. 0. cannot be proven. exist in some form of instincts. V "a: must be pesoMen’s-sientlfically girl (9‘43 as)»: 1% g wart...“ Kim rermi '" 0‘) "‘ . IiiK‘qu‘ng: “MAW-'- 18)When testing-zbraim‘anetion, using [ajggxonists )‘or lectrical stimulati—o-n7 would most __ ca use: M“ ‘‘‘‘ ~ “ ” ‘- w H I . a M/MSYH‘Q W the normal response. O‘i‘mw‘u CF». 00 __ was: “Wilma!” . misleading information about brain function. c. opposing results. d. a blockage of the natural chemical. e. an effect in macroneurons but not microneurons. 19)Which of the following characteristic of a ‘acroneuron? «tam? l W aromake l'tem‘cfibff‘ ,b.----verygcfinsistentwithin 5"Speé‘i‘é§/”‘ W “W0? bf plfi’gfiin sizelb'ut relatively small in numbed/M “or 1; involved in neural plasticity \ V\€V\i"@V‘Cr~ est-development is directed primarily throughgifiiheritanéf) 20)Which of the followin characteristic of ioneuron? mt (RU > 3W\Ci ll a. modifiabl *" moorth cyborg . ‘ b- variable. but constrained by inheritance in Q)” U 1‘41 @ established very early in embryonic development COM H 5:! \ awfl - .— respond to external stimuiyw W M“ igWXA-K e.~referred to as interneurony-ww'” 6‘4 I ’- " a p a C a 0 a. . ‘r’ml-v'KUHJWS ) ‘\OJ’IJ\“—C,V\Lry\( 1) r I I Sti “V H WS for: IOWC 46th var \(/ a. microneurons to condense and become macroneurons. bemacroneurons to be modified by environmental stimuli. neurons to mutate. environmental stimuli to cm the microneuron network. . elimination of the need for genetic influenCe on microneurons. ' 3 . . "areas within the will normally release. nausea.behavior. to occur. This is because: a. lesioning works bawdSinthaljmbic system. ® these behaviors ar criti'b‘jlfidiiisfirvtvalrand the default condition is “turned 0 n H ' .Ennrdyw‘r.‘ mhm i ee-irlesioning always turns behaviors on. d. it is easier to turn a behavior on than to turn one off. .ewtne effect of lesioning varies within species. "i. t (“x-Hi" I _ ’ J ‘ '35,. r tat-lam is / --,()..1r"-‘rI ' N ‘1“ ,5“ .«1 ("l-x1 _ x: - flu - I ,u “Q h N I _ "II-LI “N .,1 if} mi “idli— tt if in iii-i i: 3M3 tarry-3:. l} E grit. fig ‘3 Exam 1 - 20122 21'1612012 g. \, .~ « r, like a . .. lfji "M x \ \‘l’ g g f . .a. it " ‘eJ ‘ fr {fungi}; a. E ‘2. “it t" 5" 23)The(hiring;variabilitw’is most likely a result of: a. modification "er the axons and dendrites of macroneurons. (be. changes in the external stimuli. er’ hormonal or neurotransmitter changes-e multiple neural pathways between;’ .15 e. experimental error (unintentional cl‘i‘an e». indie. pie in stimulus or environment). [:(fflNNhich of the following is an example of a(medula'té'd-fziféafionse? C \/ C. lit" (ill K. a. aggression fjkm gem 13- exploration mqgfifi/mgifrytnl @ n.eerrlegi\/. ., . . _. . .. . fear ' e. vocalization @meh of the following is an example or.lleiaratrelaetici:tir? “ squirrels hiding nuts in many different locations . mares allowing the stallion to mount c. variable response in a leech peripherai nerve to a constant stimulus d. fruit flies flying in different directions in a completely white room a. animals mating in the spring 26)Which of the following is the "regulator of survival business"? a. cerebellum ' b. amygdaia magmas; firon hippocampus Miei.r’-r\e-r~-l s-‘iotfiiriifie limbic system-«Sunlwi 6‘4"“? Us W923, e. basal ganglia I c;_-~—~assessment of available space (51.) generalized prioritization of importance of all sensory input. -e. - rearrangement of axons and dendrites to facilitate storage of additional information. ' believed to be accomplished by: we— ijirlg «ll/tart a: the development of new dendrites. ‘S'irvitir‘iglryrgt‘i A n ' h; ' of neurons. ‘ii‘x/ l’lCr waif/<5 c. modifications to ventral'teg'mental area of the brain. d. neuropeptide accumulation at the tegmental sites. a. alternations in neuron length. Exam 1 - 20122 21612012 5 29)Your dog sits, gives his paw, speaks, and then rolls over when you offer a treat and say "sit". This is an example of: _ t 1‘) bridging. egotpi 03mm 3.4,.(2, msth C52“. 'i'Y‘tlt 8:) chaining.iema~€$\>0n.t,~§ (Q) (*QC‘PriZi‘a-t (fifiU-réi’iéaélw c. sequential reinforcement. dr‘muitii-tasking. e. compounded response. 30)A bridge isused in training animals to: . provide reinf flent without actuallv__gsing rewards..-“ bridge the between the and associate preViéfis rewards with to rerr wards. ' 6. chain multipie behaviors together. e. autoshape behaviors efficiehtiy. I “GED/MP. “yawn. nua‘ofi'qmn, "Mania— 31)A horse allows the rider tcfs‘rip a halter on it “Head. ‘ ' W.Mn_m... .w avenue ...—c.,y result of: _ , (y, - a. habituation u Haggis Swim” not Mani-ring Hng ' classical conditioningmaighgi WCWHM +w-¢b\%a( (M c. operant conditioning ~ irri cu at army-c - " 5 d. negative reinforcement e. accumuiated reward ‘ my response. This is a response cost. ._ positive reinforcement. NOV/1&9" d {6* I'— M of: ‘ (.W-Q, k _ r“ " i . - r. 35d .. tigwxf'GQ/Wfflfim ‘{ gm } / extinction. _ negative reinforcement. «i‘wiingt’hang VJeViaufof/ mwwfiqw fr punishmentm Fem otth r s r {Maggy 33)Th mai purpose of§ in training is to: r M” r u Fiié'i'd up the process. . reduce confusion during classicai conditioning. Jew-eliminate the need for multiple reinforcements. d. prepare the animal for autoshaping. (a; increase the effectiveness of positive reinforcement. 34)! went to determine if my chicken really___wa_nt_s__a__pe_rch_i__n hercag N M cage with a perch. but the chickergggfi; sail; " 'V \ _. Which reinforcement schedule would be most effective to‘dét'e'fihihe how important access to the perch is to the hen? ‘ a , - ....1variable interval 4 a ..-fixed ratiow: r. .i-‘rr'r’iw’t" ‘ . - * abie ra'ttixo r 2N0“, 0‘ (RM: par" m diff“) MS‘MMCLS @ progressive ratio W l 960:... Vté'iwmfl l c ( t r zeal/,5: germ“ “Mt / Exam1-20122 2116:2012 3 you. You give your mple of which type of reinforcement schedule? .‘r - « , as :- zweca a. fixedmtervai x.-- ray 5 .2... if“ C ‘ fl \ MW b. vargurgrntewai 7 N no pa 5; .:.: {\O W ('5 fixéd ratio e mil“? V 6mm . variable ratio re: progressive ratio 36)if you want the form of reinforcement wo a. fixed intervai b. variable interval fixed ratio . variable ratio —— ht e. successive ratio ageing?) rate from an animal for a desired behavior what old you use? mast rcspoin tit: remit”... a. @3 variable intervai. lt’\ t-ffi/O’vW ‘ Xi“ CON . fixed ratio. d.- ~variable ratio. erwprogressive ratio. f“ am“ mgr) . 38)What principle of operant conditioning did I use? positive reinforcement irw negative reinforcement 0. response cost d. punishment e. response reward 39){fourunputomreo} and forget to buy all over the pen. This is an example of: >a: habituation. __ memory loss. 6 extinctionf; [@mrNM . response cost. % shaping. 40)The key difference between exogenous and exogenous rhythms: WW a. are genetically predetermined. . )stop when external cues are removed. . are hormone dependent. at. very in period but not in phase. e. are typically temperature independent. ,m {finiflwr orig/O / J more. Six weeks later the pigs are urinating a) V‘fii‘fiiflfi'(.,tV\.9.,t""\.tr~-~-(Qi‘tf’flgj @fia'bgéifias rhythms\jis that Exam 1 -20122 211612012 41)Which of the following is an example of a circadian rhythm? {pa/(é?)fo a. hibernation 5/ rfl b. mating / . sleep “(git d6" WI} ‘ . ovulation Nit-3 I mg a. migration End" ) 42)in mammalsfilaigggfirra g ‘l a. decrease thefiiating drive. \udfl’ewr i to. increase activity in the cinguiate gyrus. g r “\t id @ Eliminate-all circadian rhythmsfm" -~—H:3'\‘O§>b W‘é’l‘ka‘ . cause melatonin to increase at night. e. cause body temperature to decrease at night. 43)The core optionai steep theory states that: Sig/€33 . there is a widevariation in how mucfl_sleep an animal needs. WWW sleep satisfiesfii ' fl he need and some-s: ‘ , 4E A‘;..t{)gj\[k\} ' . 0. once the core steep requirement is met. no additional sleep is valulamel ‘ .1“:er d‘ sleep ‘5 pureiv adaptive, having only Physiologicai benefits. 6 3' Safety and conservation of energy are the oniy factors determining steep needs. 44)! want my dog to stay off the couch. t ~:.l.aneck on her and smack her on the nose with a newspaper if she is ofithe couch. What principled operant did i use? 7 V ' osit' reinforcement wm?“\”‘“ Emigiiéég ,‘ba/ response cgst v“ " " " .4 ~ .» seenegative [QED-m ~- t"\.0}\’" v‘ti/Wéi‘tfi‘i“ “Q \punishment m wwmd .-.-. reinforcement _ 45)What reinforcement schedule did i use? W a. fixed ratio variable ratio ' a at r fixed interval hm ‘QQEJ‘V'ariabie interval ‘eE-pregressive ratio 46)l want my cow to defecate tray-tnm anure trough at the back of his stail. I put a shock wire over stall the if he tries to hunch his back during defecation while in the stall. WhatImEQfioqr-thitting ,Ciidi use? a. response dost classical I .._. negative reinforcementeno goffl i'f‘wwm‘? a punishment est/rocky: OVA“ 3m five-«whip operant Exam 1 - 20122 21162012 8 “Vi ' err. . W“ mg ‘23 to are. 47)The difference between’tiiial imprintingand gpearagihsfirifiiia‘g‘ is: ash—stronger in animals'iik'écib‘gs‘a d cats. in. species imprinting will not occur after filial imprinting is established __ species imprinting typicain includes a following resonse. species imprinting occurs later in life. - . species imprinting requires interaction between members of the same species. 48)Which of the followin inteligence? There is no accurate way to assess comparative intelligence. -a Animals higher on the phylogenio tree tend to be more intelligent. g is the most accurate statement about comparative m can \06 Se in ‘i‘Wtr—s vars-ion is that: ' aaniLis the only type of learning that has survival benefit. - itdoes not utilize negative reinforcement. reinforcement can beGQQMBTi? -a taste aversion is reversible. emitworks with any type of stimulus. 50)The main value of discrimination learning is to: a. evaluate sensory iimits like vision. r improve the survival ability of the animai. . provide a good behavior research model. d. tell which of these things is not like the others. e.._select tasty foods. Exam 1 - 20122 2/16l2012 ...
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