L9 The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy

L9 The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy - First...

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Unformatted text preview: First test date moved Wednesday February 13, 2008 Review will be on Monday The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy Lecture 9 February 6, 2008 Pol 1101 The President always gets his way? Not in relations with Congress Case History: The Clintons Health Care Bill National health care a dream that had eluded presidents since FDR tried to include it in his Social Security plans. Only LBJ had managed to pass Medicare and Medicaid. Otherwise special interestsdoctors, pharmaceutical and insurance companiesalways defeated it 1994: the new Clinton administration saw themselves as reformers empowered to abolish the old ways of Washington Hillary Clinton put in charge of task force to write the health care bill, to exclude even relevant Cabinet members who might be open to pressure groups Tried to attach proposed bill to the annual budget reconciliation bill (locks in the spending and legislative changes each year, MUST pass or government shuts down, requires only a simple majority vote in both houses, only 20 hours of Senate debate and cannot be filibustered) BUT Senator Byrd (Democrat, chairman of the Appropriations Committee) blocked it: procedure, including debate, had to be followed The President always gets his way? Not in relations with the Federal bureaucracy Woodrow Wilson distinguished between what roles he believed the public and elected officials should play in administration and what should be left to public administrators. Wilson argued that politics should determine broad goals, but administrators should make tactical decisions about how best and how most efficiently to implement public policy. What role should elected officials play in bureaucratic decisions? What role should public opinion play in bureaucratic decisions? How can we draw a line between the public not having any role in administrative decisions, and the public being meddlesome on the other hand? The President always gets his way? Not in relations with the Federal bureaucracy The Internet has changed bureaucratic agencies, departments, and bureaus. The heads of these executive organizations can reach out to the public, interest groups, the media, and elected officials in ways that they could not before. But, the individual goals and politics of bureaus, departments, and agencies are filtered through the new medium. Look at Web presence of different types of agencies and departments: REDISTRIBUTION ( to implement fiscal/monetary/welfare policies ) : Department of Health and Human Services: www.hhs.gov MAINTENANCE OF UNION ( to keep the government going ): Department of Homeland Security: www.dhs.gov CLIENTELE AGENCY ( to promote, serve or represent an interest ): Department of Agriculture: www.usda.gov Are there differences in the types of outreachinterest group, general public, media, elected officialsas represented on their Web sites?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POL 1101 taught by Professor White during the Spring '07 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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L9 The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy - First...

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