L11 Review test 1

L11 Review test 1 - Review Lecture 11 February 11, 2008 Pol...

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Unformatted text preview: Review Lecture 11 February 11, 2008 Pol 1101 Review Text Book: Kraft & Furlong Chapters 1 (Lecture 5), 2 (L7), 3 (L10) Lectures Lectures 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9 Read or Surf or Watch the News - regularly! Lecture 5: Public Policy and Politics (Kraft & Furlong Chapter1) January 25, 2008 Outline What is public policy? Why study it? Contexts of public policy Reasons for government intervention Role of policy analysis Criteria for analysis What is public policy? The course of government action (or inaction) taken in response to public problems. It refers both to formally approved policy goals and means, as well as the regulations and practices of agencies that implement programs. Basic Concepts Government Institutions and political processes through which public policy choices are made Politics The exercise of power in society; processes through which policies are formulated; also related to the electoral process Policy Analysis Examination of components of public policy, policy process, or both Contexts of Public Policy Social context Societal changes (e.g., population changes) Economic context State of the economy (e.g., surplus vs. deficit) Political context Political/ideological issues (who is in power?) Governing context Structure of government (e.g., separation of powers) Cultural context Values, beliefs (e.g., red state vs. blue state) Why does government intervene? Political reasons Moral, or ethical, reasons Economics and market failures when the market fails to be efficient four categories the existence of monopolies or oligopolies externalities information failures inability to provide public or collective goods Market Failures (contd) Externalities : the decisions and actions of those involved in the market exchange that affect others- negative externality: third party not compensated for harm/loss (e.g., pollution)- positive externality: third party does not have to pay for a gain (e.g., education) Market Failures (contd) Information Failures Information sharing becomes a problem Not a problem for certain items one buys a lot (e.g., food) able to make adjustments What about large items (cars) or Items that are difficult to understand without assistance (e.g., prescription drugs) Why Study Public Policy? Improve citizens ability to participate and make choices Increase knowledge of substance and process Improve citizens ability to influence policy decisions More informed arguments and analyses Role of Policy Analysis Policy analysis: a systematic, organized way to evaluate public policy alternatives or the programs themselves used in a variety of ways assessing problems developing alternatives evaluating implemented programs can be used to influence policy Ways of Analyzing Policies Effectiveness Efficiency or economic feasibility Equity and freedom...
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L11 Review test 1 - Review Lecture 11 February 11, 2008 Pol...

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