December 5, 2008A4B4-AP US HistoryAbraham LincolnI.Name, birth date, and death dates.A.His name was Abraham Lincoln a.k.a. "Honest Abe" and "Illinois Rail-Splitter".B.He was born on February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, KY. He moved to Indiana in 1816 and lived there for the rest of his childhood.C.He was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865 at Ford’s Theater in Washington D.C. He died the next day, April 15, 1865, and was buried in Oak Ridge Cemetery (Springfield, Illinois).II.Educational BackgroundA.He only received about one year of formal education. He did not attend any college or university.III.Occupational BackgroundA.Before joining the military, Lincoln served as a clerk.B.Lincoln served in the Black Hawk War in 1830.C.From 1834-1842, Lincoln represented Illinois in the U.S. House of Representatives.D.He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1836.E.Lincoln served as a US Representative from 1847-49.F.He debated Stephen Douglas during the campaign for U.S. senator in 1858.
G.From 1861-1865, Abraham Lincoln served as the 16thPresident of the United States.IV.Presidential TermsA.Abraham Lincoln served as the President of the US from 1861-5. He served one full presidential term but was assassinated on April 14, 1865.V.Important Election IssuesA.In his party platform, Lincoln spoke out against the evils of slavery and denounced the division of the North and South.VI.Election RivalsA.In the election of 1860, Lincoln’s opponents were Democrats Stephen A. Douglas and John C. Breckinridge, and Constitutional Union John Bell. In the end, Lincoln won 40% of the popular vote and 180 of the 303 electors. In the election of 1864, Lincoln’s opponent was Democrat George B. McClellan. VII.Vice PresidentA.Lincoln’s Vice President during his first term in office was Hannibal Hamlin. Lincoln’s Vice President during his second term in office was Andrew Johnson, who would become the next president at the death of Abraham Lincoln.VIII.Political PartyA.Abraham Lincoln was a member of the Republican Party; he was also known as a Whig.IX.Domestic Events
A.Civil War (1861): Before Lincoln had even become president, seven states had succeeded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America. On April 12, 1861, Confederate troops attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina; Lincoln responded by calling together a large army of volunteer fighters. Shortly after this incident, four more states left the Union to join the Confederacy. Abraham Lincoln and the Republicans lead the Union while Jefferson Davis led the Confederate States of America. This war became the deadliest war in American history.B.Ex Parte Merryman Case (1861): President Lincoln had called for troops to protect Washington D.C. because of possible troops attacking from the Virginia area. The Sixth Massachusetts Regiment responded but riots broke out causing several soldiers and civilians to be killed. Lincoln wanted to suspend the writ of habeas corpus to deal with the situation, but Chief Justice Taney didn’t allow it because he said it was unconstitutional. These riots led to this case which dealt