L23 Foreign Policy - Foreign Policy Lecture 23 April 2 2008...

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Foreign Policy Lecture 23 April 2, 2008 Pol 1101
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The Roots of U.S. Foreign and Defense Policy When the United States was founded it was a weak country on the margins of world affairs, with an uncertain future. Foreign policy reflected that insecurity, characterized by: Isolationism A national policy of avoiding participation in foreign affairs However, U.S. was a trading nation making limited foreign involvement inevitable Unilateralism A national policy of acting without consulting others Moralism Americans believe their country has higher moral standards than European and other countries Pragmatism Policy of taking advantage of a situation for national gain
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Roots of US Foreign Policy: The Constitution Founders desired a stronger national government that would keep the U.S. out of European affairs and vice versa. Foreign policy power given to the national government Divided this power between the president (commander in chief) and Congress (power to fund, declare war) Not exclusive to either branch Checks and balances
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Senate Approves More Funding for Iraq War The United States Senate passed the 2008 defense appropriations bill by a vote of 92-3, with the overwhelming majority of Democrats voting to support the bill despite the fact that it contained no language dealing with troop levels in the ongoing Iraq War, and that it guarantees $128 billion for the ongoing occupations of Iraq and Afghanistan … The five Senators who chose not to vote were all presidential candidates. These include four Democrats--Joe Biden, Hillary Clinton, Chris Dodd, and Barack Obama--and one Republican, John McCain… The Iraq War is currently costing $720 million per day or $500,00 per minute.. A poll released Tuesday raises questions about the support for continued funding of the occupation, with 43% of respondents saying that they want the budget for the war reduced "sharply," 23% saying that they want the funding reduced "somewhat," and 3% saying that no funding should be provided. Only 27% of respondents supported the current funding levels. October 3, 2007. Media Mouse.
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The United States Emerges as a Power in the 19 th Century Process of U.S. emergence as a world power centered on three areas: Trade Policy and Commerce Continental Expansion and Manifest Destiny Interests beyond the Western Hemisphere
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Trade Policy and Monroe Doctrine Principles of trade reciprocity and most favored nations ( = those with the lowest tariffs) Worked well until the end of the Napoleonic Wars Increased competition U.S. adopted protectionist tariffs to keep home market for domestic producers: first passed in 1816 Tariffs Taxes on imports used to raise government revenue and to protect infant industries.
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