L24 Review test 3

L24 Review test 3 - Change Editor-and tell Sean:...

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Change Editor—and tell Sean: srt.gtta@gmail.com Presentation grades based on: 1. Content 2. Effectiveness as Presentation 3. Evidence of Group Work 4. Ability to Communicate
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Review Lecture 24 April 4, 2008 Pol 1101
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Review Text Book: Chapters 9, 10, 11, 12 Lectures 20, 21, 22, 23 Read or Surf or Watch the News - regularly!
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Read Kraft and Furlong Chapter 4 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 …before March 10….
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Foreign Policy Lecture 23 April 2, 2008 Pol 1101
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The Roots of U.S. Foreign and Defense Policy When the United States was founded it was a weak country on the margins of world affairs, with an uncertain future. Foreign policy reflected that insecurity, characterized by: Isolationism A national policy of avoiding participation in foreign affairs – However, U.S. was a trading nation making limited foreign involvement inevitable Unilateralism A national policy of acting without consulting others Moralism Americans believe their country has higher moral standards than European and other countries Pragmatism – Policy of taking advantage of a situation for national gain
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Roots of US Foreign Policy: The Constitution Founders desired a stronger national government that would keep the U.S. out of European affairs and vice versa. Foreign policy power given to the national government Divided this power between the president (commander in chief) and Congress (power to fund, declare war) Not exclusive to either branch Checks and balances
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The United States Emerges as a Power in the 19 th Century Process of U.S. emergence as a world power centered on three areas: Trade Policy and Commerce Continental Expansion and Manifest Destiny Interests beyond the Western Hemisphere
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Trade Policy and Monroe Doctrine Principles of trade reciprocity and most favored nations ( = those with the lowest tariffs) Tariffs Monroe Doctrine 1823 US would block Europe from Western Hemisphere
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Continental Expansion and Manifest Destiny During the 19 th century the country expanded Land taken from Native Americans 1846 Mexican War By the end of century, country reached from the Atlantic to the Pacific Manifest Destiny Theory that the United States was divinely mandated to expand across North America to the Pacific Ocean
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Interests Beyond the Western Hemisphere By mid-nineteenth century, the U.S. concluded a commercial treaty with China, limited Europe’s ability to restrict U.S. trade with China, and opened Japan to Western trade Apart from hiatus of Civil War, big expansion of trade with Asia led to interest in Pacific islands to support expansion In 1890s acquired Hawaiian Islands, Midway Island, Wake Island, and part of Samoa
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The Costs of Empire The 1898 Spanish-American War made the world take note of U.S. as a rising power. Defeated an established European power
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L24 Review test 3 - Change Editor-and tell Sean:...

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