jan ass 8 world civil revised edition.docx - Student Name...

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Student Name : Janell Christophe Student Identification Number : AC 1806562 Course Number and Title : HS150: World Civilizations 1 Assignment Number and Title: Assignment 08 Date of Submission: 1
The Major changes in Political Structures, Social and Economic Life during The Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties At the close of the pandemonium system led by the Han dynasty of 220 A.D., China entered an era of supremacy in 589 C.E. During the period from 589 to 1279, China went through stages of reunification, triumph, turmoil and resurgence and the main progressive contributors to each of these stages were the Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties (Ahmed,2015). Each succeeding dynasty laid the groundwork for the next. China’s wealth increased, sea travel grew, encouraging more trade with other lands especially with the construction of the Great Canal, manufacture of weapons and other great achievements such as the printing press were created. China is known for its great leaders and emperors who have made an enormous contribution to the country’s progress. This paper seeks to focus on the major changes which occurred in political structures and socio-economic life, during the Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties of China. The Sui Dynasty was short lived for 29 years and was established from 589 to 618 C.E. This epoch began the period of reunification and rebuilding for China. From the perception of changes in the political structures, the Sui Dynasty was founded by a northern general who had both Chinese and Toba ancestries in the person of Yang Jian who was also known as Emperor Wendi or Emperor Wen in 581. Yang Jian was the main consultant of Emperor Wudi, who got married to the daughter of Emperor Wudi and decided to become the substitute ruler on behalf of Emperor Wudi’s grandson, who was Yang Jian’s son. Yang Jian claimed the “Heaven’s Mandate” for himself and began the process of unification by bringing together many weak states of Southern China (Ahmed,2015). Judge & Langdon (2016), stated that “ Using skillful propaganda, carefully cultivated Buddhist support, and a well-planned river and land campaign, he went on to conquer the south. So by 589, for the first time in centuries, one man ruled all of 2
China”. Yang Jian who ruled from 581 to 604 as Emperor Wendi, fixated on forging and restoring connections of all the states in his Kingdom. He reestablished the extended superfluous civil service system of the Han dynasty and established and applied a State Law Code. One of his most renowned accomplishments was to create a stately examination system in order to select talented people for administrative positions. (Fercility,2020). From a socio-economic standpoint, the Sui dynasty placed its capital in Chang’an where Emperor Wendi transformed it into one of the supreme cities in the world in that epoch. Marco Polo, the renowned observer from the thirteen-century, described Chang’an as the “finest and noblest city” in the world after having experienced it. Emperor Wendi started the structure of the

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