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Student Name: Janell ChristopheStudent Identification Number: AC 1806562Course Number and Title: HS150: World Civilizations 1Assignment Number and Title: Assignment 08Date of Submission: 1
The Major changes in Political Structures, Social and Economic Life during The Sui, Tangand Song DynastiesAt the close of the pandemonium system led by the Han dynasty of 220 A.D., China entered anera of supremacy in 589 C.E. During the period from 589 to 1279, China went through stages ofreunification, triumph, turmoil and resurgence and the main progressive contributors to each ofthese stages were the Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties (Ahmed,2015). Each succeeding dynastylaid the groundwork for the next. China’s wealth increased, sea travel grew, encouraging moretrade with other lands especially with the construction of the Great Canal, manufacture ofweapons and other great achievements such as the printing press were created. China is knownfor its great leaders and emperors who have made an enormous contribution to the country’sprogress. This paper seeks to focus on the major changes which occurred in political structuresand socio-economic life, during the Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties of China.The Sui Dynasty was short lived for 29 years and was established from 589 to 618 C.E. Thisepoch began the period of reunification and rebuilding for China. From the perception ofchanges in the political structures, the Sui Dynasty was founded by a northern general who hadboth Chinese and Toba ancestries in the person of Yang Jian who was also known as EmperorWendi or Emperor Wen in 581. Yang Jian was the main consultant of Emperor Wudi, who gotmarried to the daughter of Emperor Wudi and decided to become the substitute ruler on behalf ofEmperor Wudi’s grandson, who was Yang Jian’s son. Yang Jian claimed the “Heaven’s Mandate”for himself and began the process of unification by bringing together many weak states ofSouthern China (Ahmed,2015). Judge & Langdon (2016), stated that “Using skillfulpropaganda, carefully cultivated Buddhist support, and a well-planned river and land campaign,he went on to conquer the south.So by 589, for the first time in centuries, one man ruled all of2
China”. Yang Jian who ruled from 581 to 604 as Emperor Wendi, fixated on forging andrestoring connections of all the states in his Kingdom. He reestablished the extended superfluouscivil service system of the Han dynasty and established and applied a State Law Code. One of hismost renowned accomplishments was to create a stately examination system in order to selecttalented people for administrative positions. (Fercility,2020). From a socio-economic standpoint, the Sui dynasty placed its capital in Chang’an whereEmperor Wendi transformed it into one of the supreme cities in the world in that epoch. MarcoPolo, the renowned observer from the thirteen-century, described Chang’an as the “finest andnoblest city” in the world after having experienced it. Emperor Wendi started the structure of the