American Revolutionary War Notes - American Revolutionary War Terms-Second Continental Congress-George Washington-Common Sense-Abigail Adams-Declaration

American Revolutionary War Notes - American Revolutionary...

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American Revolutionary War Terms: -Second Continental Congress -George Washington -Common Sense -Abigail Adams -Declaration of Independence -Continental Army -Benedict Arnold -Battle of Yorktown -Treaty of Paris (1783) Lexington and Concord -Militia of Americans vs. British soldiers who were marching to find arms stores. The fact that they were able to stall the British to march quickly, three companies were able to assemble in Concord and they opposed the British who are there to search for hidden weapons. They let the British search and they find nothing. On the way out, at the old North Bridge, there is a skirmish between the British and American rebels. They fire at each other, two Americans and three British are dead. The British march back to Boston along an 18 mile road and they’re being hassled, ambushed, and attacked by random Americans much like the natives had done to the Americans. By the time they return to British, there were 273 dead British and 95 Americans dead. Soon, the news of the conflict spreads to Virginia. There, the royal Gov. Dunmore attempts to get a step ahead of the rebels by putting the gun powder on guarded ships in the harbor. He also threatens to arm any slaves who had been hearing about this. Dunmore issues a proclamation stating that any slave who leaves his master will be given freedom by serving in the British army. What he’s trying to do is play on the instability. Many delegates from the Continental Congress own slaves and if their slaves flee, it will create instablility. In a month, 1500 slaves have fled. They are armed and forms Dunmore’s Ethiopian Regiment face difficulties because the war still isn’t truly being fought so they are given labor tasks. In 6 months’ time, only 300 remain alive. What Dunmore’s proclamation does is play on the instability. They’re going to have to reconcile what they are saying and what they are doing at home. I. The Declaration of Independence Seems like Common Sense a. A month after L&C, delegates met at the 2 nd Continental Congress. b. They meet to plan for war and raising an army while also trying to work it out with Britain so there will not be open conflict. c. For the army, they need a commander, soldiers, money, and an actual declaration of war. d. At the same time, they needed to try to reach the king for diplomacy to avoid open conflict. e. They understand the Parliament is the governing body and the king can’t do much, but they want to reach him so he’ll understand them.

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