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Slaver Expansion & OppositionI.Cotton and the Slave EconomyI.i.East Coast to TexasI.ii.Trail of TearsI.ii.1.1830s: Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Seminoles sent to OklahomaI.ii.2.over 4,000 of the 17,000 cherokees rounded up may have died of disease, malnutrition, dehydration and exhaustionI.iii.Oklahoma SlaveryI.iii.1.1860: 7,000 slaves (14% of the Population)II.Expansion of SlaveryII.i.1790-1860: ~698,000-3.9 Million (US Slave population Growth)II.ii.Southern Slaveholder—“Slave Power” conspiracyII.ii.1.Concentration 36-4.7%II.iii.Slave LaborII.iii.1. 55% southern slaves cultivate cotton—50% of the US export market at this point it’s the whole country not just the south that is dependent on cotton. II.iii.1.a.MS & AL statehood via slaveryII.iii.1.a.i.More slaves than free peopleII.iii.1.a.ii.Just because of the mass importation of slaves.II.iii.2. Slave prices/ $1250-1800(1830-60)II.iii.2.a.Skyrockets which adds to the drop of white slave owners.II.iii.2.b.Sell slaves from older slaves states to new cotton states.
II.iv.Domestic Slave TradeII.iv.1. Families—escape, punishment, crop shiftsII.iv.2. ChildrenIII. Anti-slavery Movement 1833-1850III.i.Violence of RacismIII.i.1.Manifest destiny- the idea that America should stretch across the entire US continent.III.i.2. Ideological justification for the policies that private slave owners and latter the US government will need to expand itself.III.i.3. Darwin and Environment vs Racial DeterminismIII.i.3.a.Racial thinkers reject Darwins ideas, you can never exceed what you are born with. Account for physical and mental, focuses on suppressing and removing anyone other than white males.