Patterns of Thought and Belief In Europe - Patterns of...

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Patterns of Thought and Belief In EuropeLiteracy rates at 98% in France, Great Britain and GermanyBecause of public school systemFrench system- free, mandatory, and secularAll could read newspapers, and are influenced by several ideasIdeasPositivismAugust Compte- originator, but ideas took off under his successors in 2nd half of the 19th centuryThinking in history has gone through 3 stagesTheologicalPhilosophical (enlightenment)ScientificOnly science can provide proof positiveSocial sciences as wellAdvocates of social change and improvement because science could create progressMarxismKarl Marx and Freiderich EngelsCommunist ManifestoDas Kapital2nd and 3rd volumes published after deathinfluenced by G.W.E. Hegel
thought there was a dialectical between two ideas that are in conflict and one wins out over the otherMarx says it’s not ideas, but economic systems that are in conflictCapitalism in conflict with the proletariatEventually the proletariat would take control and everything would be utopiaDeviations from MarxismRevisionistsE. Bernstein and J. JaurésThought ehre would be revolution but fought for social programs

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Term
Winter
Professor
Rzadkiewicz

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