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Exam 1 Study Guide - 6Chapters 1-2 Anthropology The study...

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6Chapters 1-2 Anthropology – The study of humanity, including our prehistoric origins and contemporary human diversity. Anthropology is different from other disciplines that also study humanity because it is much broader in scope. It embraces a much greater span of time. It studying contemporary humans, anthropologists consider a much broader range of topics. Anthropology takes both a deep and broad view of humanity. Anthropology is linked to the hard scenes and the humanities because their research reflects a more humanistic approach – a more subjective attempt to understand humanity through the study of peoples art, music, poetry, language, and other forms of symbolic expression. They also look at the scientific approach as well as the humanistic. Both provide insights about humanity, emphasizing different aspects of human life and viewing it from different angles. Scientific Method – The first step of scientific method is making observations of a particular phenomenon. These observations lead to a hypothesis, or possible explanation, to account for what was observed. Next comes the testing of the hypothesis by performing experiments or making new observations that lead to the confirmation, amendment, or rejection of the hypothesis. Subfields of Anthropology – Biological Anthropology – or physical anthropology, is the study of humans as biological organisms, including their vcevolution and contemporary variation .
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