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Study Guide Final Exam

Study Guide Final Exam - SOC 120-01 Introduction to...

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SOC 120-01 Introduction to Anthropology Saint Louis University, Fall 2007 Professor MacKinnon FINAL STUDY GUIDE Review the assigned chapters in the Miller & Wood Anthropology textbook (Ch. 13-21) Go over the “Big Questions Revisited”, and “Key Concepts” at the end of each chapter, and pay attention to areas of overlap with the lecture material. Test yourself via the online material, as suggested in class (see topic schedule). Review lecture notes (!) The following is a suggested list of things to know--it is not inclusive of everything covered in class and the readings: Illness and Healing (Ch. 13; lecture) What is Applied Anthropology? Think of some examples from each of the subfields. o Applied Anthropology – The use of anthropological knowledge to prevent or solve problems and to shape or achieve policy goals. o Subfields of Anthropology – Biological Anthropology – or physical anthropology, is the study of humans as biological organisms, including their evolution and contemporary variation . Archaeology – The study of the old and human culture (concentrate on tools and stones). Cultural Anthropology – The study of living peoples and their cultures, including attention to variation and change. Linguistic Anthropology – Devoted to the study of communication, mainly among humans. What is Medical Anthropology? Disease vs illness. o Ethnomedicine or cross-culture health systems. A health system encompasses many areas: perceptions and classicfications of illness, prevention measures, diagnosis, healing (magical, religious, and scientific), healing substances, and healers. o Disease/illness: Disease refers to a biological pathology that is objective and universal (ex. A virus is a virus no matter where is lands). Illness refers to the culture specific understandings and experiences of a health problem or some more generalized form of suffering (ex. A viral infection may be may be differently understood and experienced in different cultures.) In some cultures illness may not be perceived as a health problem at all or may be though of as “sent” by a supernatural force. Associated with the type of health care system a culture has What are the main theories of disease systems? o Personality disease theories : Blame illnesses on agents (normally malicious),  such as sorcerers, witches, ghosts, or ancestral spirits o Naturalistic disease theory : Explains illness in impersonal terms Biomedicine=links illness to scientifically demonstrated agents which bear  no personal malice toward victims (bacteria, viruses) Other naturalistic theories blame poor health on unbalanced body fluids,  energy systems, etc. o Emotionalistic disease theories : Assumes that  emotional experiences  cause  illness
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.g.,  Susto , recognized in many Latin American countries, is believed to be  caused by anxiety or fright How are illness and healing changing as globalization occurs?
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Study Guide Final Exam - SOC 120-01 Introduction to...

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