Prose vs. Poetry vs. Drama ProseDEFINITION OF PROSE en.wikipediaProse is a form or technique of language that exhibits a natural flow of speech and grammatical structure. Novels, textbooks and newspaper articles are all examples of prose.www.dictionary.comnounThe ordinary form of spoken or written language, without metrical structure, as distinguished from poetry or verse.Prose is a style of writing that does not follow a strict structure of rhyming and/or meter. Prose uses normal grammatical structures. Elements of prose writing include regular grammar and paragraph structures that organize ideas, forgoing more stylistic and aesthetic forms of writing found in poetry and lyrics.Prose can include normal dialogue, speeches, novels, news reports, etc. Prose is distinguished from poetry which uses line breaks and has meter that tends to defy normal grammar rules.
In today’s literature, most stories are told in prose. There is no longer much emphasis on the oral tradition of storytelling, to which verse was very well suited. Since print came to be commonplace, storytellers tend to rely on prose to tell their stories because of the freedom it allows.Characteristics of Prose 1. written in paragraphs 2. tells a story rather than describes an image or metaphor 3. generally has characters and a plot Characteristics of prose can be broken into four categories, divided by purpose: 1. Narrative - writing which tells a story (can be fiction or non-fiction); usually told in chronological order; has characters; follows the basic plot-line - exposition, rising action, climax, falling action 2. Expository - gives basic information; used often in speeches and essays; does not tell a story or argue 3. Descriptive - describes something in detail, again without telling a story or arguing a point; used most often in combination with another mode of writing, but alone is often found in scientific or medical reports 4. Persuasive - argues a point (or two sides of a question); gives evidence in favor or against Different Types of Prose
There are different genres of writing that use prose style. Here are a few: 1. Nonfiction Prose Nonfiction is a work of writing that is based on fact. Examples of nonfiction include memoirs, essays, instructions, biographies, etc. 2. Fiction Prose Fiction is a genre of writing that is imagined or untrue. Novels use prose in order to tell stories. Subgenres of fiction can include fantasy, historical fiction, science fiction, etc. 3. Heroic Prose Heroic prose uses the hero archetype in order to tell stories of bravery and travel in which good triumphs over evil. These stories are meant to be recited orally. Heroic prose may use tricks such as rhyme and a slight rhythmic structure in order to enhance the effects of being read out loud but are not the same as the ancient hero tales which were written in strict poetic verse.