Unformatted text preview: US History 1 Name:Savanna Steenrod Slavery Debate Turns Violent
In 1854, Senator Stephen Douglas
proposed a bill that would set up a
government for the Nebraska Territory.
Knowing that southerners would not
want another free state to enter the
Union, Douglas proposed that the
Territory be divided into two
territories: Kansas and Nebraska.
Settlers living in each territory would
decide the issue of slavery by popular
Support for the act:
Southern leaders supported the Kansas-Nebraska Act. They believed that proslavery settlers would
cross from Missouri into Kansas. They hoped that Kansas would become a slave state. President
Pierce supported the bill
Northerners complained that the Missouri Compromise had already outlawed slavery above the line
set in the Missouri Compromise. They said the Kansas Nebraska Act would repeal, the Missouri
Compromise. Slavery was free to spread.
Proslavery and Antislavery forces sent settlers to Kansas to fight for control of the territory. Most
new settlers were farmers from neighboring states seeking cheap land. Few of them owned slaves.
Abolitionists brought in more than 1,000 settlers from New England.
Proslavery settlers came from Missouri. These Border Ruffians battled antislavery forces in Kansas.
In 1855, Kansas held elections. hundreds of Border Ruffians crossed into Kansas and voted illegally.
A proslavery legislature was elected. Laws supporting slavery were quickly passed.
Antislavery settlers refused to accept these laws. They elected their own governor and
legislature. Kansas had two governments and was in chaos. Armed gangs roamed the land looking for trouble.
A bloody battleground:
In 1856, proslavery men raided the town of Lawrence destroying homes and a Free soil newspaper.
John Brown, a religious fanatic and abolitionist, rode into Pottawatomie Creek with his 4 sons and
murdered 5 proslavery men in the night.
This led to more violence. Both sides engaged in guerilla warfare- the use of hit and run
1856, more than 200 people had been killed. Newspapers called the territory Bleeding Kansas. With your partner, answer these questions AFTER you read about the Kansas-Nebraska
1. What did the Kansas-Nebraska Act set up?
The Kansas-Nebraska Act was an 1854 bill that mandated “popular
sovereignty”–allowing settlers of a territory to decide whether slavery
would be allowed within a new state's borders. Proposed by Stephen A 2. What did the Kansas-Nebraska Act say about the issue of slavery?
The Kansas-Nebraska Act allowed each territory to decide the issue of slavery on the
basis of popular sovereignty. ... The Kansas-Nebraska act made it possible for
the Kansas and Nebraska territories (shown in orange) to open to slavery. The Missouri
Compromise had prevented this from happening since 1820. 3. Why were there acts of violence over the Kansas Nebraska Act?
It became law on May 30, 1854. The Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri
Compromise, created two new territories, and allowed for popular sovereignty. It also
produced a violent uprising known as “Bleeding Kansas,” as pro slavery and
antislavery activists flooded into the territories to sway the vote. ...
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