Kami Export - Savanna Steenrod - Kansas-Nebraska Act reading - US History 1 Name:Savanna Steenrod Slavery Debate Turns Violent

Kami Export - Savanna Steenrod - Kansas-Nebraska Act reading

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Unformatted text preview: US History 1 Name:Savanna Steenrod Slavery Debate Turns Violent Kansas-­­Nebraska Act: In 1854, Senator Stephen Douglas proposed a bill that would set up a government for the Nebraska Territory. Knowing that southerners would not want another free state to enter the Union, Douglas proposed that the Nebraska Territory be divided into two territories: Kansas and Nebraska. Settlers living in each territory would decide the issue of slavery by popular sovereignty. Support for the act: Southern leaders supported the Kansas-­­Nebraska Act. They believed that proslavery settlers would cross from Missouri into Kansas. They hoped that Kansas would become a slave state. President Pierce supported the bill Northern outrage: Northerners complained that the Missouri Compromise had already outlawed slavery above the line set in the Missouri Compromise. They said the Kansas Nebraska Act would repeal, the Missouri Compromise. Slavery was free to spread. Bleeding Kansas: Proslavery and Antislavery forces sent settlers to Kansas to fight for control of the territory. Most new settlers were farmers from neighboring states seeking cheap land. Few of them owned slaves. Abolitionists brought in more than 1,000 settlers from New England. Proslavery settlers came from Missouri. These Border Ruffians battled antislavery forces in Kansas. Two governments: In 1855, Kansas held elections. hundreds of Border Ruffians crossed into Kansas and voted illegally. A proslavery legislature was elected. Laws supporting slavery were quickly passed. Antislavery settlers refused to accept these laws. They elected their own governor and legislature. Kansas had two governments and was in chaos. Armed gangs roamed the land looking for trouble. A bloody battleground: In 1856, proslavery men raided the town of Lawrence destroying homes and a Free soil newspaper. John Brown, a religious fanatic and abolitionist, rode into Pottawatomie Creek with his 4 sons and murdered 5 proslavery men in the night. This led to more violence. Both sides engaged in guerilla warfare-­­ the use of hit and run tactics. By 1856, more than 200 people had been killed. Newspapers called the territory Bleeding Kansas. With your partner, answer these questions AFTER you read about the Kansas-­­Nebraska Act 1. What did the Kansas-­­Nebraska Act set up? The Kansas-Nebraska Act was an 1854 bill that mandated “popular sovereignty”–allowing settlers of a territory to decide whether slavery would be allowed within a new state's borders. Proposed by Stephen A 2. What did the Kansas-­­Nebraska Act say about the issue of slavery? The Kansas-Nebraska Act allowed each territory to decide the issue of slavery on the basis of popular sovereignty. ... The Kansas-Nebraska act made it possible for the Kansas and Nebraska territories (shown in orange) to open to slavery. The Missouri Compromise had prevented this from happening since 1820. 3. Why were there acts of violence over the Kansas Nebraska Act? It became law on May 30, 1854. The Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise, created two new territories, and allowed for popular sovereignty. It also produced a violent uprising known as “Bleeding Kansas,” as pro slavery and antislavery activists flooded into the territories to sway the vote. ...
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