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1 Philosophy 1101-002 Anna Donovan Chapter 1, Section 1.2 Identifying Arguments -Understand how to identify arguments -Learn the premise and conclusion indicators -Understand the substitution test -The best way to identifyan argument is by knowing certain keywords or phrases that could be premise or conclusion indicators. -A premise indicatormakes it clear that a reason for this argument is coming (Since, because) -A conclusion indicatorlets you know a conclusion is coming and that this is what the argument is about (so, therefore) -Premise indicators: since, because, for, as, given that, seeing that, for the reason that, is shown by the fact that -Conclusion indicators: Therefore, so, hence, thus, implies that, consequently, it follows that, we may conclude -All arguments require two separate statements so single statements with indicator words do notsignal an argument -The Substitution testis when you substitute another “indicator word” in the statement to see if the sentence still makes sense. If it does, you can assume it is an argument.