# 1.2 Identifying Arguments .pdf - Philosophy 1101-002 Anna...

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1 Philosophy 1101-002 Anna Donovan Chapter 1, Section 1.2 Identifying Arguments - Understand how to identify arguments - Learn the premise and conclusion indicators - Understand the substitution test - The best way to identify an argument is by knowing certain keywords or phrases that could be premise or conclusion indicators. - A premise indicator makes it clear that a reason for this argument is coming (Since, because) - A conclusion indicator lets you know a conclusion is coming and that this is what the argument is about (so, therefore) - Premise indicators: since, because, for, as, given that, seeing that, for the reason that, is shown by the fact that - Conclusion indicators: Therefore, so, hence, thus, implies that, consequently, it follows that, we may conclude - All arguments require two separate statements so single statements with indicator words do not signal an argument - The Substitution test is when you substitute another “indicator word” in the statement to see if the sentence still makes sense. If it does, you can assume it is an argument.