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Gawa Wu1 AAS 232Professor GloverApril/ 15/ 2012SenegalSenegal also known as the Republic of Senegal is one of the many countries located in the second largest Continent, Africa. Senegal located west of Africa surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean (west), Mauritania (north), Guinea Bissau (south) and Mali (east). The capital of Senegal is Dakar, a city located on the cost of the Atlantic Ocean. The population is estimated to be around 12 million. The main religion in this country is Muslim which about 94% of the people follow along with Christian which is about 5% (U.S Department of State). The nationality of the people from Senegal is called Senegalese along with different ethnic groups such as Wolof, Fulani, Toucouleur, Serer, Diola, Mandingo and others. The official language of the country is French because it was inherited from the colonial era when the French controlled Senegal during the 17thcentury. During the colonial era slave trade played an important role for the Europeans because there was a lot of money to be made from trading resources and slaves. The majority of slaves were Africans that were put on ships and transported to colonies in North and South America to work on plantations. Europeans lead the race in industrialized revolution because work (rail road’s, mining) was done on the backs of Africans during slavery with no income.2
Senegal was ruled by the French in the colonial era. The French owned a factory located in the mouth of the Senegal River which was rebuilt on an island by a town (Saint- Louis). The town became an important slave trading port. In 1677 the French took over the island of Goree from the Dutch (BBC). During the Seven Year War, Great Britain gain control of Senegal but returned Senegal to the French after the Napoleonic War. During the late 1800’s France expanded its influences to gain control of most of Senegal while at the same time abolishing all forms of slavery. In January 1959 Senegal and the French Soudan merged together to form the Mail Federation. The federation broke up due to political problems and becomes separate republic with president Leopold Senghor (BBC). Today relations with Senegal and France are close where political leaders are meeting with one another. According to the Africa Review President of Senegal, Macky Sall is going to visit Gambia and France in efforts to reunite and renew their relationship.