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Dynamics of Systems PDF%5b1%5d - SystemsThinking COMM331:...

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18/02/2013 1 Systems Thinking COMM331: Simulation of a Socially Innovative Enterprise Systems Thinking Question: What is the most important element in an enterprise? Origins of Systems Thinking Founded in 1956 by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Professor Jay Forrester Need for a better way of testing new ideas about social systems
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18/02/2013 2 What is a System? Video 1 What is a System? A collection of things that form a group. The interaction of its parts, rather than the sum of its individual parts. What is a System? A typical systems day We use, influence and are influenced by systems every day: Our biological system tells us to get up. We use a mechanical system to shower. Another one makes our toast, keeps the milk cold, gets us to work. We are part of a human and social system when at work. The environmental and ecological systems determine whether it is rainy or sunny.
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18/02/2013 3 What is a System? Examples: In nature, systems thinking examples include ecosystems in which various elements such as air, water, movement, plants and animals work together to survive or perish. In organisations, systems consist of people, structures and processes that work together to make an organisation healthy or unhealthy. What is a System? YouTube What is a System? What is Systems Thinking? The process of understanding how things influence one another within a whole. Views “problems” as part of an overall system, as opposed to reacting to specific parts, outcomes or events. A set of habits or practices within a framework that bases itself on the belief that the component parts of a system can best be understood in the context of relationships with each other and with other systems, rather than in isolation.
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18/02/2013 4 What is Systems Thinking? YouTube Systems Thinking Traditional Thinking vs. Systems Thinking Traditional Thinking vs. Systems Thinking Traditional thinking Parts Objects Events Isolation Specificity Statics Simplicity Systems thinking Wholes Relationships Structures Interdependence Generality Dynamics Complexity
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18/02/2013 5 Traditional Thinking vs. Systems Thinking The approach of systems thinking is fundamentally different from that of traditional forms of analysis.
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